Porter’s Five Force Analysis on Qantas Airlines


Added on  2023-06-10

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Leadership Management
Assessment 1 - Reflective Essay
Student Name: Thi Nguyen
Lecturer Name: Brian Bailey
Due date: 08/07/2018
Porter’s Five Force Analysis on Qantas Airlines_1

Strategic management strategies are applied by businesses in order to take the most effective step
in the direction towards organizational growth. An important aspect of strategic management lies
with proficient environmental analysis (David, 2011). There are various tools that help
organizations in gaining a deeper insight about the environment within which they function.
Summary of Porter’s five force model
These strategic management tools are highly important in assisting businesses in analyzing their
environment better. One such important tool is given by Michel Porter, better known as the five
forces model. This model helps businesses in understanding the power held by various external
stakeholders of the firm as well as the level of competition existing in the industry (Dobbs,
2014). The model helps to identify the power of various stakeholders of the business in the
environment within which the business operates. This report highlights upon the porter’s five
force analysis on Qantas Airlines which is a flagship airline carrier in Western Australia.
Porter’s five force model highlights upon various factors that impact the industry within which a
business operates. The tool throws light upon the bargaining power of buyers and suppliers, the
threat faced by a particular product with regards to substitution and new entrants. Lastly, the tool
also helps marketers in gauging the competition already existing within the industry.
Application of the model:
Bargaining power of buyers
Airline industry faces a high level of competition and hence buyers of the industry are presented
with a large number of options to select from. This enhances the bargaining power of buyers for
Qantas. With the growth of the industry, there are several no frill airlines which offer low cost
travel to customers. Jetstar Airways and Tiger Air Australia are predominant low cost airlines
catering to Australian customers. Therefore in order to enhance its power over these buyers,
Qantas must work towards gaining a competitive advantage over these airlines. This can be
achieved by either enhancing the quality of in-flight service or by lowering prices.
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Porter’s Five Force Analysis on Qantas Airlines_2

Bargaining power of suppliers
There are a large number of suppliers in the airline industry. There are two main suppliers which
include the fuel suppliers and the aircraft suppliers. The bargaining power of these two suppliers
is very high. There are only two leading aircraft suppliers dominating the industry. These include
Airbus and Boeing (Financial Times, 2016). The number of fuel suppliers are also highly limited
and hence hold a strong power over Qantas and other airlines. Qantas Airline focuses on building
long term and sustainable relationships with its leading suppliers for effective operational
management of the airlines (Qantas, 2018).
Besides these two, there are other suppliers like caterers providing food for customers, software
suppliers which facilitate inflight entertainment, recruiters which supply competent human
resources to the organization etc. There are over hundred such suppliers and there is increasing
competition among them (IT News, 2013). Hence in this case, the bargaining power for Qantas is
much higher owing to its strong level of customer satisfaction (Roy Morgan, 2018).
Threat of new entrants
This aspect of the model highlights upon the threat of new businesses that can be introduced in
the industry (Hill, Jones & Schilling, 2014). The threat of new entrants in the airline industry is
relatively lower because of the increasing cost entailed in establishing an airline business as well
as the strict policies of Regional aviation association of Australia and Board of Airline
representatives in Australia (RAAA, 2018) (BARA, 2018). Starting an airline business requires a
hefty investment and hence the threat of new entrants in the industry remains low. However, a lot
of new low cost airlines have entered the industry like Tiger Air Australia launched in 2007 but
the strong brand name, large customer base and loyalty of Qantas will make it difficult for new
competitors to reach the same level of performance.
Threat of substitutes
The threat of substitution refers the threat posed by any business by its substitutes in the market
(Wheelen & Hunger, 2011). Airlines provide commuting services to its customers. However, in
the travel industry the substitutes for air travel comprises services that include travelling by road
or sea. Hence, trains, taxi services and cruises are the only substitutes to airlines. But the time
MGT302A Assessment 1 00158595T
Porter’s Five Force Analysis on Qantas Airlines_3

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