Primary and Secondary Prevention.

Added on - Sep 2019

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Primary and Secondary PreventionOfford, D. R. (2000). Selection of levels of prevention.Addictive Behaviors,25(6), 833-842.Community psychology focus and studies the relationship of individuals to community andsocieties with the aim of enhancing the quality of life through collaborative research andguidance. With the motive of implementing several prevention methodologies which are alsotermed as ‘Interventions’ have been laid down. There are different types of prevention modulesviz. primary and secondary. Primary prevention aims at prevention of any disease/injury/ill effectbefore its occurrence, and secondary prevention aims at reducing the impact and depth of thedisease/injury/ill effect after its occurrence to a minimum level. Primary prevention tends tolower the risk of harmful effects by the disposal of information at a public level, to make themaware through the use of social media, print media, etc. The strategies for primary preventionmay adapt ban on certain items and cite them as restricted/harmful/dangerous. It also can mergethe use of legislative measures to implement their control and abuse, and mandating several safeand hygienic guidelines. Educating people regarding safe practices and making them aware toundergo thorough medical checkups on scheduled basis. Although there are potential benefits ofmaking individuals/public aware regarding primary prevention yet they possess severaldrawbacks as they can create unnecessary ruckus among individuals, public will become moreterrified regarding new diseases, and health hazards, mandating regular checkups will putexpense burden on them, the prevention measures may get associated with social stigma and canignite debates at political levels, it will be difficult to determine the overall effect. On thecontrary, secondary prevention aims to limit these effects after injury. This preventionmethodology increases the knowledge of individuals and raises their concern towards their healthand society. It incorporates the use of several tests and prevention techniques to limit the illnessat that particular stage and inhibit their reoccurrence and re-injury, to prevent long term sickness
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