This article discusses the two prevention methodologies, primary and secondary, and their benefits and drawbacks. It emphasizes the importance of educating individuals and communities about common problems and following a healthy lifestyle. The article also highlights the need to validate sources and consult properly before starting any treatment.
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Primary and Secondary PreventionOfford, D. R. (2000). Selection of levels of prevention.Addictive Behaviors,25(6), 833-842.Community psychology focus and studies the relationship of individuals to community and societies with the aim of enhancing the quality of life through collaborative research and guidance. With the motive of implementing several prevention methodologies which are also termed as ‘Interventions’ have been laid down. There are different types of prevention modules viz. primary and secondary. Primary prevention aims at prevention of any disease/injury/ill effectbefore its occurrence, and secondary prevention aims at reducing the impact and depth of the disease/injury/ill effect after its occurrence to a minimum level. Primary prevention tends to lower the risk of harmful effects by the disposal of information at a public level, to make them aware through the use of social media, print media, etc. The strategies for primary prevention may adapt ban on certain items and cite them as restricted/harmful/dangerous. It also can merge the use of legislative measures to implement their control and abuse, and mandating several safe and hygienic guidelines. Educating people regarding safe practices and making them aware to undergo thorough medical checkups on scheduled basis. Although there are potential benefits of making individuals/public aware regarding primary prevention yet they possess several drawbacks as they can create unnecessary ruckus among individuals, public will become more terrified regarding new diseases, and health hazards, mandating regular checkups will put expense burden on them, the prevention measures may get associated with social stigma and can ignite debates at political levels, it will be difficult to determine the overall effect. On the contrary, secondary prevention aims to limit these effects after injury. This prevention methodology increases the knowledge of individuals and raises their concern towards their healthand society. It incorporates the use of several tests and prevention techniques to limit the illness at that particular stage and inhibit their reoccurrence and re-injury, to prevent long term sickness
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