Running head: PRIVATIZATION OF PRISONS IN THE US1Privatization of Prisons in the USNawaf T. Alharbi (215210763)Prince Sultan University
PRIVATIZATION OF PRISONS IN THE US2AbstractThis research paper discusses an active debatable question at the moment that is whether or not the prisons should be privatized in US. The country has provision for both the private as well as the public prisons. But, the private prisons have led to various issues in the past. It is time to consider these issues and think about them in more detail because the motive that theyare serving is very crucial for the country. The country should think deeply about the reasons due to which the private prisons have failed to justify the reason of their existence and they must try to find out ways to deal with this problem. Keywords: Prisons, Private and public prisons
PRIVATIZATION OF PRISONS IN THE US3Privatization of Prisons in the USNelson Mandela the President of South Africa once said “It is said that no-one truly knows a nation until one has been inside its jails. A nation should not be judged by how it treats its highest citizens, but its lowest ones” (Irwin, 2013). The United States has the highestprison population in the world. There 2.2 million people incarcerated in the US in 2014 (Baker, 2015) which is 25% of the world’s prison population, but US holds only 5% of the world population (Morrell, 2015). The prison population has increased considerably since 1980s, due to “tough-on-crime" laws and war on drugs policies adopted during the president'sReagan administration (Morrell, 2015). Most of people are in prison because of the non-violent crimes, and the long prison sentences are served for possession of microscopic quantities of illegal drugs (Morrell, 2015). The CCA Company is the largest private prisons owner in US and was founded in 1983 and it made 1.7 billion in revenue (Corrections Corporation of America, 2015). In 2015, nearly one fifth of federal prisoners were held in for profit facilities (www.aclu.org/) considering how many people in prison in the US. This givesrise to the question that should United States end prisons for profit?As per (Gill, 2016), private prison is that place where people are confined by a third party who is contracted by the agency of the government and this prison is for profit prison. The companies who establish the private prisons have to enter into a formal contract with the government of the respective country regarding keeping the committing the prisoners in their facility and in return, the government will pay them a particular monthly rate for each of the incarcerated individual (Gottschalk, 2016). It is believed that when the private prisons get a fee, they are likely to keep the prisoners for a longer time. The prisoners of private prisons
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