Privatization of Prisons in the US Assignment

Added on - 19 Sep 2019

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Running head: PRIVATIZATION OF PRISONS IN THE US1Privatization of Prisons in the USNawaf T. Alharbi (215210763)Prince Sultan University
PRIVATIZATION OF PRISONS IN THE US2AbstractThis research paper discusses an active debatable question at the moment that is whether ornot the prisons should be privatized in US. The country has provision for both the private aswell as the public prisons. But, the private prisons have led to various issues in the past. It istime to consider these issues and think about them in more detail because the motive that theyare serving is very crucial for the country. The country should think deeply about the reasonsdue to which the private prisons have failed to justify the reason of their existence and theymust try to find out ways to deal with this problem.Keywords:Prisons, Private and public prisons
PRIVATIZATION OF PRISONS IN THE US3Privatization of Prisons in the USNelson Mandela the President of South Africa once said “It is said that no-one trulyknows a nation until one has been inside its jails. A nation should not be judged by how ittreats its highest citizens, but its lowest ones” (Irwin, 2013). The United States has the highestprison population in the world. There 2.2 million people incarcerated in the US in 2014(Baker, 2015) which is 25% of the world’s prison population, but US holds only 5% of theworld population (Morrell, 2015). The prison population has increased considerably since1980s, due to “tough-on-crime" laws and war on drugs policies adopted during the president'sReagan administration (Morrell, 2015). Most of people are in prison because of the non-violent crimes, and the long prison sentences are served for possession of microscopicquantities of illegal drugs (Morrell, 2015). The CCA Company is the largest private prisonsowner in US and was founded in 1983 and it made 1.7 billion in revenue (CorrectionsCorporation of America, 2015). In 2015, nearly one fifth of federal prisoners were held in forprofit facilities (www.aclu.org/) considering how many people in prison in the US. This givesrise to the question that should United States end prisons for profit?As per (Gill, 2016), private prison is that place where people are confined by a third partywho is contracted by the agency of the government and this prison is for profit prison. Thecompanies who establish the private prisons have to enter into a formal contract with thegovernment of the respective country regarding keeping the committing the prisoners in theirfacility and in return, the government will pay them a particular monthly rate for each of theincarcerated individual (Gottschalk, 2016). It is believed that when the private prisons get afee, they are likely to keep the prisoners for a longer time. The prisoners of private prisons
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