Professional Ethics Theory : Report

Added on - 21 Jul 2020

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PROFESSIONALETHICS
TABLE OF CONTENTS1. INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................................................12. ETHICAL THEORY 1 -ETERNAL LAW..................................................................................23. ETHICAL THEORY 2- CLASSICAL DEONTOLOGICAL ETHICAL THEORY:UNIVERSALISM...........................................................................................................................34. ETHICAL THEORY 3 – DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE THEORY..............................................65. CONCLUSION ON THE ISSUE OF VOLUNTARY EUTHANASIA....................................7REFERENCES................................................................................................................................9
1. INTRODUCTIONVoluntary euthanasia is considered as the practice of finishing off a life in painless way.Voluntary euthanasia as well as physicians assisted suicide are majorly focused in terms ofgreater controversy in the present time.In other words it means when a person feels to die andsays so.It comprises of instances that involves begging for help towards dying, refusal ofundesirable medical treatment, asking for medical treatment which needs to be stopped in lifewhich is being supported by machines to be switched off (Durkheim, 2013).This includesrefusal to eat and making a decision to die. When any person performs that act of euthanasia thenhe/ she is bringing about the death of other person. Such is due to the reason related with beliefthat latter the present existence is so worst that he can better off dead. Therefore the person'smotive to committing an act of euthanasia is in order to provide benefit to the one whose death isbeing bought about. There is greater importance towards focusing on aim to benefit the personwho is being supported to die as well being is considered as the key value related with themorality of euthanasia (Brooks & Dunn, 2011). The capability of contention which someone canbe better off dead is subject towards extensive philosophical deliberation.Euthanasia has come from two Greek literal meaning that is referred to as well death. Atpresent it is considered as mercy killing. On the other hand it can be referred to as bringing deathof the person painlessly (Grace, 2017).It seems to be the ideal solution for certain kind ofindividuals specially the one having distressing issues with elders and others.Euthanasia is oneof the biggest disputation in the present decade.This simply means death but now this isconsidered as an act of persuading the painless death of individual in relation with the reasonthat can be assumed to be merciful.There is presence of different forms of euthanasia. Such havebeen enumerated in the manner as below:Active and passive euthanasiaUnder active euthanasia an individual is directly as well as deliberately causes the deathof patient. On the contrary passive euthanasia they are not involved in taking the life of thepatient but allows them to die (Dzur, 2008).Voluntary and involuntary euthanasiaVoluntary euthanasia takes place at the request of the individual who dies. Howeverinvoluntary euthanasia is one that takes place when the individual is unconscious or is not able to1
make meaningful selection among the living as well as dying. Further suitable person takesdecision on their behalf.Indirect euthanasiaIt is referred to as offering treatment that possess the side effect of speeding the death ofthe patient (Luban, 2007).Assisted suicideThis is concerned with the cases in which the person who is going to die is required toassist in killing themselves as well as ask on this(Bierhoff, Cohen and Greenberg, 2013). Thiscan be considered simple as attaining the drugs for an individual and keeping it in their reach.2. ETHICAL THEORY 1 -ETERNAL LAWEternal law can be defined as one that includes the legislation that governs thephenomena of the eternal universe. It is related as the moral legislation, the legislation associatedwith nature. It is a law that god has made for the formation of man that he has developed withinhim for his destination as well as preservation.A biased law is considered as a human law that isnot being fixed within endless law.It is considered as theoretical position which suggest thatone can through rational reflection on nature make discovery of the principles of good and badthat is guiding actions in a manner that would move towards human fulfilment (Dent &Whitehead, 2013). Such position makes suggestion that human beings possess the ability inthemselves towards actualizing their potential. The natural law ethics reflects respect to naturalinclinations. It presents that universe is being governed by the means of rational thinking. Therean orderly manner of things. It can or cannot involved the God. There is existence of just orderbeside such. The theory presents that human are being governed by the natural inclinations. Inaccordance with the ancient philosophers one is being driven by such basic inclinations. This iscomprised of preserve life, propagating human species, search for truth, possessing peacefulsociety. This is being stated that God is behind the eternal plan (Warnick & Silverman, 2011).However the ancient laws presents that there is presence something orderly within the universe.Religious twist is being given by Tomas Aquinas which present that one possess moralobligations in relation with the natural law. Critique has been done that demonstrates thatpositive views of human. It has been determined that person is considered rational individuals. Itis essential that one is required to be rational, stable association, apart of what is right or wrong2
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