Promoting Sexual Health Assignment

Added on - 03 Dec 2019

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Promoting Sexual Health1
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...............................................................................................................................4Social Leaning Theory....................................................................................................................4Impact of theories on sexual health promotion................................................................................5Factors affecting sexual decision making in teenagers....................................................................5Health Promotion............................................................................................................................6Health belief Model.........................................................................................................................6Ethical Consideration:......................................................................................................................9Role of Professionals in promoting sexual health...........................................................................9Policies..........................................................................................................................................10Conclusion..........................................................................................................................................11References..........................................................................................................................................122
Illustration IndexIllustration 1: Health Belief Model.......................................................................................................73
INTRODUCTIONGood sexual health matters to both individuals as well as communities. It becomes verycritical when the sexual health issues of teenagers with learning disabilities are concerned. LearningDisability refers to neurological defects that hamper the basic learning skills among individualssuch as reading, writing and mathematical skill (Bartholomew and et.al., 2011). The present essayfeatures different aspects of sexual health behaviour among learning disabled adolescents and theirimpact on sexual health promotion. The essay also covers models and theories of sexual healthpromotion. In addition to this, it also explores the sexual health policies for learning disabledteenagers and evaluate them for their effectiveness in promotion of sexual health.BackgroundSexual health refers to the state of physical, mental, emotional and social well being of anindividual related to sexuality. The sexual activity among teenagers occur at a very early age. As perstatistical report of 2012 Britain has the the third highest proportion of sexually active teenagers inEngland (Adolescent Sexual Health,2012). There are certain myths related to sexuality anddisability. It is believed that people with learning disabilities do not indulge in sexual activities.However these myths are considered pointless as people with learning disabilities are also humansand require love and affection. Therefore teenagers with learning disabilities have some specificneeds related to sex education (Arnold, 2010). Thus promotion of sexual health becomes verycardinal for teenagers with learning disabilities.Theoretical viewIn order to discuss theories related to sexual behaviour among teenagers with learningdisabilities Social Learning Theory comes into picture.Social Leaning TheorySocial Learning theory plays important role in promoting sexual health among teenagers. Itis applied in different aspects of sex education to promote health issues related to teenagepregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases and sexual abuse. Therefore it is most suited to bringchange the sexual behaviour in teenagers with learning disability(Shannon and Csete, 2010). Itstates that there are several factors that influence the sexual behaviour among adolescents. These arepersonal knowledge, attitude, relationship with other individuals and environmental determinants.Theory of Reasoned ActionThe Theory of reasoned action comprehends the voluntary behaviour of individuals. Itexplains that there has to be a motivation for person to behave in a desired manner (Bancroft,2009) . According to the theory, healthy behaviour among teenagers can be encouraged by invoking4
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