Promoting Sexual Health Sample Assignment

Added on - 03 Dec 2019

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Promoting Sexual HealthHealth promotion of HIV during pregnancy
TABLE OF CONTENTSIntroduction......................................................................................................................................4Background of the topic...................................................................................................................4Main body........................................................................................................................................5Theoretical view...........................................................................................................................5Culture and religion.....................................................................................................................5Health promotion.........................................................................................................................6Ethical considerations..................................................................................................................8Policies.........................................................................................................................................9Provision....................................................................................................................................10CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................11REFERENCE.................................................................................................................................122
Illustration IndexIllustration 1: Health Belief Model..................................................................................................73
INTRODUCTIONSexual health is a broader arena which is inclusive of various issues and challenges.These are inclusive of safeguarding of human rights associated with sexual well-being, diseasessuch as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), AIDS, STI's etc. mental health, sexualdysfunction etc(Friedman and et.al., 2014).Promoting sexual health is one way to createawareness among people through education, decisions, safety, precautions etc (Baker andGillmore, 2008). In the given essay, the issue of HIV during pregnancy will be explored in UK.This will be studied with respect to various health promotion concepts and theories related tosexual behaviour and impact of HIV as an issue during pregnancy. Along with this, essay willalso explore the models of health promotion. It will explore the significance of cultural andreligion impact. Furthermore, in order to support the safer pregnancy, policies and provisionprograms by the UK government for HIV prevention will be discussed with respect to the UKpopulation.BACKGROUND OF THE TOPICSexual health promotion is defined as step towards supporting sexual well-being ofindividuals through awareness, education, prevention, etc. (Günthard, H. F. and et.al., 2016)Promotion focuses on broader level thereby a shift is made from individual to society as a wholeto aware about safer practices during pregnancy through cultural, social and religion aspects aswell(Perry and et.al., 2012).Health promotion of HIV during pregnancy is essential as at thetime of Mother to Child Transmission (MTCT), HIV positive woman is at risk to infect herchildren as well during pregnancies, labour, breastfeeding or delivery. 90% is the probability ofchildren who become infected with HIV through MTCT. There is need to taken in considerationsto this issue as it has been found that prevalence of HIV in pregnant woman of England was 2.2out of 1000 (SIBANDA, 2008). It was highest in London with 3.5 per 1000. In this regards, theprevalence of women who are infected from HIV, had also increased from 17000 in 2006 to26000 in 2013 (Hoffman, R. M. and et.al., 2015). It has been examined that by taking suitableinterventions actions, the transmission rates can be reduced to 1%. Therefore, there is need forconsidering the significance of HIV as an issue during pregnancy which should be addressedthrough various health promotion ways.4
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