Promoting Sexual Health Assignment (PDF)

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Promoting sexualhealth
INTRODUCTIONSexual health promotion is done with the purpose of improving the sexual health ofpeople (Richardson and et.al., 2010). This essay will explore the issue of chlamydial infection inwomen in UK. It will focus mainly on health promotion factor regarding the issue of chlamydialinfection. Further, the essay will lay emphasis on effectiveness of screening program. Theories ofsexual behavior and health promotion will be analysed. Also, the influence of culture andreligion as well as its impact on the issue will be explored. Ethical considerations are importantto be considered. Therefore, the essay will consider the role of professional in terms ofsafeguarding and confidentiality. Following this, relevant policies pertaining to the issue ofchlamydial infection will be explored. Lastly, provisions available with regards to this issue willbe studied.BACKGROUND OF THE TOPICSexual health promotion is defined as the process of enabling people to increase controlof their sexual health as well as it determinants. This is done with the purpose of improving thesexual health of people. Sexual health is defined as the integration of emotional, intellectual,somatic and social aspects of sexual being in a manner so that they become positively enrichingand enhance the personality and communication (Coleman, 2015). In order to promote sexualhealth, it is necessary to reflect upon some issues. Chlamydial infection in women is a seriousconcern in UK. Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted infection which is caused bybacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis. In UK, around 1 in every 20 sexually active women isinfected with chlamydia. It is more prevalent amongst 15 – 25 year old females in the nation(Chlamydia In Women,2015). In the year 2014, approximately 440, 000 cases of sexuallytransmitted infections (STIs) were diagnosed. Of these, the most commonly diagnosed STI waschlamydia with 206, 774 diagnoses. This constituted 47 per cent of the total diagnosed STIs inUK (Infection report,2015). the statistics depict a steady rise in the rate o chlamydia infectionover the past 10 years (Chlamydia Statistics for the UK in 2014,2014).The issue of chlamydial infection in women is important because it leads to several longterm health problems such as pelvic inflammatory disease as well as life threateningcomplications. Serious damage is caused to woman's fallopian tubes. It is the major cause of2
infertility in women. Even if a female with chlamydial infection is able to conceive, she may beat the risk of an ectopic pregnancy (Gold and et.al., 2011.). This is not only dangerous for themother but also causes several serious complications. Apart from that, the infection also leads todevelopment of other conditions such as cervicitis, Bartholinitis, etc. which hamper health of thefemales as well as their quality of life.THEORITICAL VIEWThe theoretical view about the issue of chlamydia infection in women can be discussed with thehelp of theory of sexual behavior.Self perception theoryAccording to this theory, attributions are made by people about thei own attitudes,feelings and behaviors which are dependent on the observations of external behaviors. It is alsodependent on the circumstances in which those behaviors occur. From the theory it can beanalysed that young people are motivated to indulge in sexual behaviors at an early age byobserving external behaviors (Kang, Skinner and Usherwood, 2010). They are influenced by thebehaviors that are undertaken by their peers and hence become motivated to have sex at an earlyage.The theory has significant impact on health promotion. This is because it helps theprofessionals and health and social car workers to understand the perceptions of young womenabout unprotected sex and sexual contact with multiple partners. These are the two main causesof spread of chlamydia infection among women (Kløvstad and et.al., 2013). By gainingunderstanding of the underlying perceptions of of females, strategies can be formulated. Thiswill aid in health promotion with regards to the issue.Cognitive dissonance theoryAs per this theory, a discomfort is created in a person due to an inconsistency betweentwo cognitions or between a cognition and a behavior. This discomfort make the person alter oneof the behaviors so that consistency is restored and stress is reduced. With regards to sexualbehavior, it can be analysed that many teens perceive sex as an obligation because their peershave experienced it. Another analysis can be that young females have cognition that having sexis a pleasurable experience. However, this cognition is inconsistent with the values and beliefsthat it is risky to have unprotected sex (Gaydos, Barnes and Aumakhan, 2009). Due to this3
inconsistency, they remain under stress and experience discomfort. In order to resolve thediscomfort and stress, the young females are motivated to indulge in this type of behavior.The cognitive dissonance theory impacts health promotion. Chlamydia is passed fromone person to another through unprotected sexual contact. The theory helps developunderstanding about inconsistency which lead to risky sexual behavior in young women(Lorimer, Reid and Hart, 2009). This understanding can be used for designing campaign andother strategies which will effectively promote sexual health with respect to chlamydia infectionin women.CULTURE AND RELIGIONSexual health promotion faces various challenges in relation to cultural, religious andethical factors. These factors affect the way in which sex, sexuality and sexual health areinterpreted.Cultural factorsCultural factors present several challenges for sexual health promotion in the area ofchlamydial infection in women. Age is considered as being a cultural factor. Chlamydia infectionis most commonly fond in young women of 15 – 25 years of age. It can be analysed that thisperiod constitutes adolescence and early adulthood. This age acts as a barrier because at this age,the adolescent females have a desire to experience and undertake the actions taken by their peers.Another challenging cultural factor in sexual health promotion is gender (Richardson and et.al.,2010). Individual attitudes and sexual norms are all dependent on the gender of a person. Thereis a deeply held cultural belief that sexually transmitted infection is a problem of girls. However,it can be critically analyse that chlamydial infection may spread from a male to female.Furthermore, at this age, the adolescence are under peer influence which affects their sexualdecision making.Cultural stereotypes in UK tend to suggest that feminity is passive and therefore it is theresponsibility of the females to be concerned about the spread o infection. This is a seriouschallenge for sexual health promotion as both males and females have to take the responsibilityfor their sexual health to resolve the issue of chlamydial infection (Corcoran, 2013). Apart fromthis, there are different cultural expectations which act as challenges to sexual health promotion.4
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