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Psychological and Social Science Assignment: Sociological & Psychological Theories, Ethical Issues, Service Improvement Plan

   

Added on  2023-06-11

11 Pages3242 Words71 Views
Assignment Psychological and Social Science
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Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION......................................................................................................................3
TASK 1......................................................................................................................................3
Analyse and interpret key sociological & psychological theories, apply to the health &
social care...............................................................................................................................3
Cultural and ethical issues in health & social care.................................................................4
Apply ethical perspectives to the diversity of values associated with health & well-being. .5
TASK 2......................................................................................................................................6
Assessment of needs and develop a service improvement plan for a health & social care
setting.....................................................................................................................................6
CONCLUSION..........................................................................................................................9
REFERENCES.........................................................................................................................10
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INTRODUCTION
Psychological and social sciences are based on the fundamental concept that is
representing the behaviour, attitude and perception of human. It is also influenced on the
society and impact on the people through social forces. The documentation will discuss the
key theories related to the sociological as well as psychological theories. These kind of
theories are applied in health & social care to identify the performance of health service
provider and patient’s. Furthermore, it will describe the cultural and ethical issues in terms of
health & social care. However, it will examine the diversity of values that are associated with
healthcare services.
TASK 1
Analyse and interpret key sociological & psychological theories, apply to the health & social
care
In the context of health & social care, psychological theories refers to the framework
for understanding development, human behaviour and thoughts. It provide the brief idea
about understanding how and why it can be determined human behaviour. Without any
doubt, different psychological and sociological theories are dynamic in nature and always
changing their perception (Chaudhary and et.al., 2022). As new way to use a specific
theories, modified and adapted to account for new information or data. The purpose of
psychological theories are used to predict the variety of individual behaviours.
According to the cognitive development theory, health care professional can be used
this kind of theory in order to identify thought process of children’s and adults. By using
cognitive theory, it can easily understand and expressive language of children.
Based on the Piaget’s constructive theory, it refers to the domain general approach in
terms of health & social care. For example- in the context of children growth, it is one of the
important area that needs to be identify the current progress of people. In the contrast with
domain specific theories, where it is focused on the development area of individual’s and
identify the cognitive abilities or area of the brain (Li and et.al., 2022). On the basis of Piaget
constructive theory, health care practitioner should be used the cognitive development
approach in series of different phases, each with distinct qualitative difference in terms of
thinking. Piaget was related to the constructivist, identifying young people, children as
actively participating in their own development. In some situation, it focuses on the
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developing an effective sensory-motor activity and building the structure block of cognitive
development. This kind of process is useful for mental schema of individuals.
According to Vygotsky’s social constructivist theory, it emphasized the cultural tools
and social interactions. These are opposed to identify the independent behaviour of people
and then applied constructive actions accordingly. When a specific function in individual’s
cultural development appears and then focused on the higher functional ability of people.
To identify the social interaction role with the help of Vygotsky’s theory and try to
maintain or control the development aspect of people. It is completely depending on the
social behaviour of people where how they can engage with other one. In some cases, it
should be focused on the development area of social interaction as developing the wide range
of adult’s skills or knowledge (Moore-Berg and et.al., 2022). In contrast to the Piaget, it
focuses on the culture of people and consider as powerful influence on the development area.
Through social interaction, children’s and individuals are internalise or use in specific
cultural tools such as social rules, computers, number systems. Whenever it has been
developed the culture of people which needs to be gathered or collected information. In some
cases, it is also helping to do some changes in how individuals relate to the entire world.
Cultural and ethical issues in health & social care
The ethical challenges or issues in the context of health & social care was considered
the important factors, where as it would be required to focused on the coordination between
families, patients and healthcare professionals. It depends on the decision-making process.
Ethical issues-
The first ethical challenge is related to the equity of access in resource management.
In some cases, it would be developed a major issue in the distribution of health resources. If
in case, it is not properly maintain the essential resources. It may be increased a chance to
develop a complex situation or condition (Singh, 2022). The ethical issue related to the
inequalities are developing a complex situation where many people is suffering from diseases
such as dengue fever. This kind of issue will be creating a complex situation for healthcare
service providers in medical treatment.
Another ethical challenge is related to the confidentiality of sensitive patient data or
information. It is the most important issue which had to be focused on the serious attention.
Now, there is no specific policies to manage sensitive information of patient, especially in
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