Operant and Classical Conditioning Theories in Psychology
Added on -2019-09-25
This article discusses the differences and similarities between operant and classical conditioning theories in psychology. It explains the main contributors and leaders of these theories and provides examples of experiments conducted to support them.
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1Psychology6.2 Psychology Assignment B.F. Skinner has developed Operant conditioning which tells about the law of effect. Law of effect is basically known as reinforcement. Operant conditioning is referred to voluntary behavior that is the behavior which is not dependent to other thing and is maintained over a period of time with its importance who follows this voluntary behavior. For instance, he has done one experiment Skinner has placed pigeon in the experimental chamber which is called as "Skinner box" which is designed to deliver a food reward with every systematic or fixed interval. He discovered that by rewarding bird with food motivate bird and do behavior as per requirement. John Watson has developed the process of classical conditioning. He explains all aspects of human psychology. Classical conditioning is referred to the involuntary behavior of human that is the behavior which depends on other things. Watson believed that the behavior of all human beings depends on their learning experiences. Breakthrough of classical operant theory has started with physiologist Edward L. Thorndike who suggested that the greater the satisfaction with situation greater will be the strengthening and greater the discomfort greater will be weakening of bond. On the other hand breakthrough of Classical theory has started with the Ivan Pavlov (1849 – 1936) who studying the salivation criteria of dog and concluded that meat powder is considered an unconditional stimulus and the dog saliva is the unconditioned response and the bell is considered a neutral stimulus he said that Bell becomes conditioned stimulus which makes the saliva to produce which is a conditions response and then physiologist John B. Watson came and developed that there is reflexive and involuntary response.Skinner, B. F. (1984)
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