Psychology. 3. Psychology. psychology assignment. [Docu

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Running head: PsychologyPSYCHOLOGYASSIGNMENT[Document subtitle][DATE][COMPANY NAME][Company address]
1Psychology6.2 Psychology AssignmentB.F. Skinner has developed Operant conditioning which tells about the law of effect.Law of effect is basically known as reinforcement. Operant conditioning is referred tovoluntary behavior that is the behavior which is not dependent to other thing and ismaintained over a period of time with its importance who follows this voluntarybehavior. For instance, he has done one experiment Skinner has placed pigeon in theexperimental chamber which is called as "Skinner box" which is designed to deliver afood reward with every systematic or fixed interval. He discovered that by rewardingbird with food motivate bird and do behavior as per requirement. John Watson hasdeveloped the process of classical conditioning. He explains all aspects of humanpsychology. Classical conditioning is referred to the involuntary behavior of human thatis the behavior which depends on other things. Watson believed that the behavior of allhuman beings depends on their learning experiences.Breakthrough of classical operant theory has started with physiologist Edward L.Thorndike who suggested that the greater the satisfaction with situation greater will bethe strengthening and greater the discomfort greater will be weakening of bond. On theother hand breakthrough of Classical theory has started with the Ivan Pavlov (1849 –1936) who studying the salivation criteria of dog and concluded that meat powder isconsidered an unconditional stimulus and the dog saliva is the unconditioned responseand the bell is considered a neutral stimulus he said that Bell becomes conditionedstimulus which makes the saliva to produce which is a conditions response and thenphysiologist John B. Watson came and developed thatthere is reflexive andinvoluntary response.Skinner, B. F. (1984)
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