Psychology Assignment | Theories and Evidence
Added on - 28 May 2020
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Running head:PSYCHOLOGYPsychologyName of StudentName of the UniversityAuthor Note
1PSYCHOLOGYIntroductionPsychologyis a vast branch of science involving mind and behavior that is inclusive ofthe unconscious as well as conscious aspects. The psychologists aim to explain the role of mentalfunctions embedded in social and individual behavior (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2014).They tend to explore the various biological as well as physiological processes which determinethe cognitive functions as well as behaviors. This branch of medicine is used for the treatment ofthe mental health ailments and towards understanding various activities of the human beings.Thepost-traumatic stress disorder(PTSD) is considered as a mental disorder concerninga traumatic event that has happened to the person (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2014). Thisessay is based on the case study in which two school friends suffered different degrees ofpsychological manifestations resulting from minor injuries during a school shooting. This essaywould discuss the backdrop of this disorder with the help of relevant theories and evidences. Themain purpose of this essay is to analyze the underlying reasons for the manifestations of PTSDand how it expresses itself differently in different persons.DiscussionThe case study incident stresses on the fact that one student has developed PTSD whilethe other did not, though both of them has been subjected to the same stimuli. No two humanbeings are same (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2014). They have different psychologicalcomposition and they react in different ways in same situations. Psychologists opine that it isnormal to feel terrified after a traumatic event. The post traumatic fear releases hormones in thebody which prepares the body to respond to various danger and protect himself from harm(Neisser, 2014).Every person undergoes through this process after trauma but most of them
2PSYCHOLOGYrecover from these symptoms in a natural way. But, there are some people who are unable tocope up and they continue to experience the trauma (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2014). Suchpersons are diagnosed with PTSD. Such kind of persons always feels frightened and stressed outeven when there are no signs of danger.According toWickens et al. (2015), PTSD is a particular mental health condition inwhich the condition is being triggered by the experience of particular events. There are commonpost-traumatic reactions that are expressed by the victim such as trouble sleeping, increasedjumpiness, stress and others (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2014). There are instances when thevictims often feel susceptible to substance abuse, alcohol and number of other anxiety relateddisorders (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2014). Post-traumatic stress disorder is a physicalprocess that is associated with brain and the victims are said to be suffering from disruptivecontext processing. This level of processing is considered as one of the main brain function thatis considered with the recognition of stimulus and it may require different degree of responses asper the involved context.The child who displayed the characteristics of PTSD may have been a victim of physicalabuse in the past. Age plays an important role in the development of PTSD and the youths whohave been victims of sexual abuse in their childhood are more susceptible to this trauma (Buss,2015). The severity of the different combat exposure is considered as a strong predictor for thedevelopment of PTSD. The child may be exposed to severe traumatic experiences in the pastwhich has made him to react more to another traumatic experience, the school shooting incident(Neisser, 2014). He may also have a family history of substance abuse in which he may havefaced abuses in early stages of his life.
3PSYCHOLOGYThere are many factors known asrisk factors, which make one person more likely todevelop PTSD. There are other factors known as resilience factors and they are usually present inthe individual before the trauma (Zoladz & Diamond, 2016). These resilience factors usuallytend to reduce the risk of PTSD. There are various risk factors such as living through dangerousevents, getting hurt, feeling horror, dealing with instances of stress and others. The variousresilience factors include seeking out support from various other people, learning to feel good,developing a coping strategy, being able to act in a different manner and others (Neisser, 2014).Research shows that not all people develop PTSD and this is the exact reason why onestudent suffered from the syndrome while the other was able to carry his life on a normal basis(Fumis et al., 2014). The person who developed PTSD may be survivors of sexual or physicalassault, where he may be subjected to harsh conditions. He may be subjected to more severeevents in life, which made him to develop the syndrome after the school shooting. There can alsobe sudden experiences in his life such as sudden demise of a close person or separation from aloved one (Zoladz & Diamond, 2016). The traumas put the persons on higher risk in their life.They may be suffering from severe biological factors such as genes in which the people are morelikely to develop PTSD.There are several symptoms of post traumatic stress disorder that are evident inindividuals in different degrees (Baldwin et al., 2017). However, the symptoms of this syndromemight last for more than one month and they should be severe so that they interfere with thenormal functioning of life. It is agreed that there are several symptoms that should be present forat least a month for detecting the person with post-traumatic stress syndrome (Zoladz &Diamond, 2016). The concerned person needs to be evaluated if he expresses the following