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Psychology On Being Human Study

Added on - 15 Apr 2020

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Surname1Name:Professor:Title:Date:PsychologyOn Being Human – Philosophical-spiritual ideasThis topic is looking at the comparison and contrasting of the cultivation of theConfucian ren and the Daoist wuwei in the East Asia religions in relation to the rapport familyaspect. Rapport is the interaction between humans and their respective environment. Here weshall see how different people’s environment aspects were viewed at different times bearing inmind the cultural, natural and spiritual aspects of interactions. We shall look at how ideas and thechanging notions of rapport affected both China and Japan under two types of historicalpressures that are inner and outer pressures. Inner pressure is tensions within ideas that needclarification, application and elaboration to be taken into account. Outer pressures on the otherhand are challenges faced when dealing with foreign ways of doing things and thinking.Different people of East Asia that is China, Japan and India viewed being human in differentaspects of beliefs and practices.Comparison and contrasting of the cultivation of the Confucian ren and the Daoist wuweiWhen the India’s Buddhist traditions arrived in China through central Asia during theCommon Era, there were major impacts that were felt in China (deBarry 2). The previous classicDaoist and Confucian traditions that were practiced in China developed new and elaborateinstitutions, practices and teachings once they got centuries interactions with Buddhists. Before
Surname2the introduction of Buddha’s teachings, the former Confucians and Daoists teachings understoodthemselves as members of a “family” (ja) instead of a member of a “religion” (jao). However, asthe families grew, their previous traditions became more complex and new terms came up todefine them. The Daoists (Daojia (DAH-oh-jee-AH)) family became interested in the idea ofbecoming immortal and saw Laozi as a celestial being that would make that possible while theConfucians became interested in Kongzi as a revered ancestor and perfect sage. These twodifferent ideologies of the meaning of being human brought about tension in the two families.The Buddhists built monasteries and the Daoist rituals and ethics were greatly influenced byIndia’s Buddhist traditions than the Confucians. The Buddhist ethics and meditation also greatlyinfluenced the Confucians conceptions of how they can achieve various stages of sagehood asthis was what they were interested in practicing. Many elaborate institutions were developed byboth Confucians and Daoists even though both practiced different beliefs. The Daoistsconcentrated in building institualized religion and the Confucians retained their ties witheducational institutions. During the Sui and Tang dynasties (589-906 C.E)Daoist and Buddhisttraditions had heavy influence on both philosophical and political realms while the Confucianswere mainly involved with educational institutions (Daojiao (DAH-oh-jee-AAH-oh)) dedicatedin preparation of young men into access to government positions(Hinton 12). Therefore it is trueto say that the entry of Buddhism into Chinese greatly influenced Chinese traditions andinstitutions and this brought about notable changes in both the earlier Confucians and Daoiststeachings and traditions.Transformation of Japanese identityThe Chinese civilization brought a major impact to Japan during the eighth century C.E.where the Chinese Buddhist and the neo-Confucian traditions took hold of Shinto Japan. The
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