Psychology Theories for HSC

Added on - 03 Dec 2019

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Psychology forHSC1
TABLE OF CONTENTSIntroduction......................................................................................................................................3Task 1...............................................................................................................................................31.1 Comparison in the different theories of life span development.............................................31.2 Explanation of psychological theories related to different life stages in health and socialcare...............................................................................................................................................4Task 2...............................................................................................................................................52.1 Explain social and biological factors that influence human behavior...................................52.2 Importance of social roles in the context of health and social care.......................................7Task 3 B...........................................................................................................................................73.3 How psychological theories informs the understanding of mental disorders........................73.4 Evaluating the application of psychological principles affecting behavior change in healthand social care..............................................................................................................................83.5 Role of psychological theories in enhancing the understanding of relationships in healthand social care..............................................................................................................................9Conclusion.....................................................................................................................................10References......................................................................................................................................112
INTRODUCTIONAs per the present scenario, number of service users in health and social care has beenincreasing continuously due to availability of more depression, stress and other illness. Due tothis, it is required for the management of health and social care to enhance the effectiveness oftreatment and services (Buunk, Gibbons and Buunk, 2013). Along with this, it is essential forcare workers to develop better relationship with service users in order to provide better careservices.For the purpose of maintaining effective relationship and creating better understanding,this report is focused on describing the different theories of life span development which arenecessary to be considered by care workers and care managers. Further, this report will includethe description of various psychological theories such as behavioral, cognitive, psychodynamicand humanistic. Other than this, it defines about the factors such as social and biological thatinfluence human behavior to a higher level.TASK 11.1 Comparison in the different theories of life span developmentContinuity theoryThis theory describes about the older adults who maintains the continuity of activities,habits, lifestyle, relationships and personalities in their present age as they did in their earlier life(Maslach and Jackson, 2013). In accordance to this theory, individuals needs to adopt effectivestrategies for maintaining the continuity of their past life. Main aim of this theory is to ensure thedevelopment of people in their old age. Further, it includes the objective of suggesting betterways to old people for continuing their performance and growth by considering the pastexperience. According to this theory, there is no need for individuals to stop their growth inanywhere in the midlife (Ogden, 2012). It is required for them to maintain their workperformance, lifestyles and habits with the same patience as their early life.This theory states that development and growth are the continuous process which runinfinitely till the person's death. For instance, a child starts to learn the crawl and after that, startsto stand and than to walk (Continuity theory of life span development, 2015). Thus, step by step3
method to learn something is also applied in the case of human life that should not be stopped atany point.Discontinuity theoryThis theory believes that people does not maintain the continuity of activities, habits,lifestyle, relationships and personalities in their present age as they did in their earlier life. On theother hand, it states that each stage of people's life is qualitatively different from one another. Forinstance, thinking level of children is very different from the youth, mid age people and oldadults (Haslam and et. al., 2009). As the children grow, they move into the phase of abstractthinking of their lives and their viewpoints are changed.In accordance to this theory, development is considered as thediscontinuous processwhich involves separate and distinct stages of life with various type of behavior occurring inevery stage.Discontinuity theory states that development of abilities in each stage such asemotions, thoughts and viewpoints have a certain point of starting and ending (Discontinuitytheory of life span development, 2015). Moreover, exact time can't be said when these abilitieswill be appeared and disappeared.1.2 Explanation of psychological theories related to different life stages in health and social careThere are following psychological theories such as behavioral, cognitive, psychodynamicand humanistic. Description of these theories are mentioned below as:Behavioral theoryThis theory is focused on describing the elements of behavior and learning in terms ofstimulus-response relationships. According to this theory, people's behavior depends upon thequality of their interaction with the environment and based on the availability of rewards, praiseand feedback (Sheldon, 2011). Behavioral theory states that observable changes are necessary tobe occurred in the behavior of individuals for fulfilling the needs of learning in an effectualmanner. Further, it is needed for learners to integrate their response with a stimulus in order toget the better results of learning.Cognitive theoryIt is an another perspective of educational psychology which is focused on describing thefollowing processes such as how people think, perceive, speak, remember and solve the problem.This theory includes the description about the internal states of mind including ideas, desire,4
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