Report on Psychology in Health and Social Care

Added on - 03 Dec 2019

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PSYCHOLOGY INHEALTH AND SOCIALCARE
TABLE OF CONTENTSINTRODUCTION..........................................................................................................................3TASK 1...........................................................................................................................................31. Comparing different theories of life span development.........................................................32. Explaining how psychological theories are related to different life stages............................4TASK 2...........................................................................................................................................51. Explanation of social and biological factors influencing human behaviour...........................52. Analysis of importance of social roles....................................................................................7TASK 3 A........................................................................................................................................7TASK 3 B.......................................................................................................................................81. Analysis of how psychological theories inform understanding of mental disorders..............82. Evaluating the application of psychological principles affecting behaviour change............83. Analysing how psychological theories enhance understanding of relationships....................9CONCLUSION...............................................................................................................................9REFERENCES.............................................................................................................................10
INTRODUCTIONIn heath care, psychology refers to the study of behavioural development of humanthought. It helps in generation of data so that service users can be handled in their emotionalstability, behavioural stability, thought processes and other forms of mental action (TheImportance of Psychology in Health Care,2015). Therefore, psychology is important in healthand social care as it is very critical to handle emotional and behavioural concerns of patients. Thepresent report is on psychology in health and social care. It will make an attempt to understandthe theories of lifespan development. In the report, social and biological determinants of humanbehaviour which are displayed in health and social care context have been analysed. Lastly,psychological theories that are applied to health and social care practice have been discussed.TASK 11. Comparing different theories of life span developmentTh different theories of lifespan development can be compared with the help of table below:Life stageCase scenarioPsychological theoriesInfancyThe first stage in thedevelopment of human beingsis called as infancy. Duringthis earliest stage of life, manysimilar characteristics areshown by infants whichresemble their non humanancestors (Lowes and Hulatt,2013). Knowledge is acquiredby infants throughmanipulation of objects andobservation.Continuity theory supportthat development iscontinuous and involvesgradual and ongoing changesthroughout the lifespan. Forexample, a child first learnsto crawl and then stands andwalks (Maslach and Jackson,2013). Therefore, he learnshow to walk in a gradualmanner.In contrast to this,discontinuity theory statesthat development consists ofdifferent stages which arequalitatively different fromone another. Peoplecompulsorily pass throughdifferent stages.Early childhoodThis refers to the periodbetween 4 to 9 years of agewhen the motor skills of childdevelops. The though processof child is based on logicalaspects (Thoits, 2011).AdolescenceThe period between the years10 to 18 is called adolescence.The case scenario is that thereis development of personalities
as well as cognitive skills. Thislife stage is also marked bydevelopment of primary andsecondarysexualcharacteristics (Wills andAinette, 2012).Early adulthoodThis is stage at which the grossand fine motor skills are attheir peak.Late Adulthood/ deathLate adulthood stage will seethe ageing process. There isdecline in gross and fine motorskills.2. Explaining how psychological theories are related to different life stagesThe relation between the following psychological theories and life stages can be explainedbelow:Psycho dynamic perspectiveAccording to this perspective, human mind is considered to be like an iceberg. Only asmall amount if it is visible in the form of observable behaviour. However the unconscious partis submerged. This part of mind has significant influence on the behaviour of a person. This canbe related to the childhood and adulthood stages (Giosan and et.al., 2014). As per psychodynamic perspective, events in childhood have considerable impact on our behaviour. Thissuggests that early experiences affect adult personality. As a child progresses through differentdevelopmental stages, it is important that different areas of his body are stimulated.Behavioural perspectiveThis perspective explains learning and behaviour in terms of stimulus- responserelationships. It is based on the key assumption that behaviour is influenced by environment (7Perspectives in Psychology,2015). According to this perspective, people learn from theirenvironment through two approaches namely classical conditioning and operationalconditioning. Classical conditioning comprises of learning obtained from association whileoperational conditioning involves learning from the consequences of behaviour (Aveyard, 2014).
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