Psychology Assignment Solved (Doc)

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PSYCHOLOGY
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................11.1 Different theories of life span development that is Erikson vs. Freud or Psychodynamic vs.Cognitive................................................................................................................................11.2 Explain how psychological theories that is behavioural, cognitive, psycho-dynamic andhumanistic and concepts are related to different life stages of human development.............3TASK 2............................................................................................................................................52.1 Social and Biological factors that influence human behavior..........................................52.2 Analyzing the significance of social roles in context of health and social care setting...6TASK 3............................................................................................................................................73.1 Application of the psychological theories for individual.................................................73.2 How psychological theory relate with behaviour disturbances........................................83.3 How psychological theory informs understanding of mental disorders...........................83.4 Application of psychological principles affecting behaviour change in health and socialcare settings............................................................................................................................93.5 How psychological theories can enhance understanding of relationships in health andsocial care...............................................................................................................................9CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................9REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................11
INTRODUCTIONThe study of psychology of health and social care is important as it assists medicalpratictioner to learn or gain knowledge about various factors that have great influence onhuman behavior. Gaining knowledge about these factors would help individual in promotinghealth and well being. Social and biological constituents are referred to as the variables thathave great influence on social and health care.The report have focus on understanding in detailed various theories of lifespandevelopment. Project will emphasize on identifying various factors that have influence orimpact on human behavior in context of health and social care.1.1 Different theories of life span development that is Erikson vs. Freud or Psychodynamic vs.Cognitive.Life span development is the age related changes that have occurred in the individual from his orher birth to the entire lifetime the person reach to the old age. There are 6 stage in the life spandevelopment that are Infancy, Childhood, Adolescence, Early Adulthood, Middle Age, OlderAge. Infancy is the 2 years from the birth of individual, Childhood is 2 to 10 years, Adolescenceis Ten to twenty years, Early Adulthood is Twenty to forty years. Middle Age is Forty to sixtyfive years and Older Age is Sixty five years plus (Johnstone and Dallos, 2013). There are severaltheories that are being involved in the life span development of an individual. There are twotheories that are involved in the development both focus on the importance of early experiences.The Freud's and Erikson's that have been given the theories of life span development. Freudcentered on the significant of feeding, on the other hand Erikson was more concerned with howresponsive caretakers are to a child's needs.Erik Erikson (1950, 1963) proposed a psychoanalytic theory of psychosocial developmentcomprising eight stages from infancy to adulthood. He has said that in the every stage, theperson have to go from different psychosocial crisis which have negative as well as positiveresult on the development of the person. The ideas of Erikson's have been developed with thehelp of Freud. There are several similarities as well as differences between the theories ofErikson and Freud (Brett, Staniszewska and Suleman, 2014).Similarities are as follows:1
These two theories have been developed for the psychoanalytic and human development.These two theories are made for the same perspective that is to explain the developmental effectsof this scenario. It has been known that Erikson's theory have been made on the basis of Freudideas. These recognise the significant of the unconscious on development. They have same ageddivision in their stages of life spam development (Johnstone and Dallos, 2013).Differences are as follows:There are several variations that survive between the names of different stages and thedevelopmental problems that are encountered during each stage. Each stage have their uniqueview point which helps the person to development. Freud's psychosexual theory emphasizes thesignificant of basic needs and biological forces, on the other hand Erikson's psychosocial theoryis dependent upon social and environmental factors.Differences between Psychosexual vs. Psychosocial StagesPsychosocial StagesIllustration1: Psychosocial Stages(Source:Psychosocial Stages of Erikson, 2017)The table shows that 8 different stages of development, where first start with the trust andmistrust.2
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