Psychology Assignment Solution

Added on - 04 Oct 2020

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PSYCHOLOGY
Table of ContentsTable of Contents.............................................................................................................................2INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1MAIN BODY..................................................................................................................................1TASK 1............................................................................................................................................11 Two approaches (theories) used in psychology........................................................................1M1 Similarities and difference between theories of explaining human behaviour.....................2Define research into Group influence and how the human behaviour is affected.......................2Consequences of prejudices and discrimination..........................................................................3Relevance of psychological theories and social influences on public services...........................3TASK 2............................................................................................................................................3Essay 1.............................................................................................................................................3Analysis of real world crime and applying psychological theory and identifying casual factorsaffecting occurrence of crimes.....................................................................................................6Application of psychological perspective for individuals in public sector..................................6TASK 3............................................................................................................................................6ESSAY 2..........................................................................................................................................6Application of Psychological perspective over a team in public services...................................6Applying psychology in public services to reduce criminal behaviour.......................................7How psychological perspective is applied to the work of a range of public services.................8CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................8REFERENCES................................................................................................................................9
INTRODUCTIONPsychology is the mental conditioning and state of mind that indicates the behaviour andattitude of an individual person. It helps in identifying the mental and emotional need of anindividual that will help in improving overall persona of an individual. A negative or adversepsychology will lead to criminal behaviour that will impact the well being in the society. Variousbehaviour are been taken in consideration that influences the human behaviour. The report willcover the details of psychology with the consequences of various prejudices and discrimination.Also, the psychological factors leading to criminal activities are discussed with psychologicalperspectives applied to people in public services. Other than this, the psychological perspectivesapplied within the organisation and public behaviour to reduce the criminal behaviour withinsociety.MAIN BODYTASK 11 Two approaches (theories) used in psychologyEffective theories are been taken in consideration by an individual or a person in order tohave an interactive behaviour or attitude. The two major psychological behaviour theories thatare taken in consideration are:Erikson’s stage of psychosocial development:This theory states that there are certainstages which impacts and influence the psychological development of an individual. Thesestages are:Stage 1: Trust v/s MistrustStage 2: Autonomy v/s Shame and doubtStage 3: Initiative v/s guiltStage 4: Industry v/s InferiorityStage 5: Identity V/s ConfusionStage 6: Intimacy V/s IsolationStage 7: Generativity v/s StagnationStage 8: Integrity v/s DespairPiaget Cognitive theory:This will help in proper planning of the cognitive theory whichwill help in proper planning of the psychological development that will help in developing the1
psychological ideology of children's and help in improving their intelligence and behaviour. Itclassifies the individual's life in 4 stages.Sensorimotor Stage: Birth to 2 years.Pre operational stage: Age 2 years to 7 years.Concrete operational Stage: Age 7 to 11 years.Formal operational stage: Age 12 and up.M1 Similarities and difference between theories of explaining human behaviourBoth the theories that are been discussed above will influence the psychological factorswhich will help in proper planning of the human behaviour and traits. The major similaritiesbetween both the theories is that they lay emphasis on the conceptual setting and development ofpsychological or a thinking over the age. Both theories lay emphasis on the life stages and howthe psychology of an individual develops.On the other hand, the major difference between both the theory is that the psychosocialtheory focuses on Psychosexual attributes of an individual person on the other hand, the Piagettheory of Psychological development emphasises on the development of intelligence andthinking of an individual.Define research into Group influence and how the human behaviour is affectedResearch in Group influence can be termed as the effective planning of the operationswhich will help in proper planning of the psychological understanding and ideology of a person.The group behavior is the way people react to a situation or condition in a large or small group.This will help in proper planning of the operations which will help in effective handling of theservices that will lead to carrying out of the activities of the action plan that will improve theirperformance.It will influence the factors like companionship, survival and security, affiliation status,power and control over the individual as well as team achievements. The inhibiting of the teamtraits and qualities will impact the individual behavior and will mold their behavior to a greaterextent. A positive group attribute will lead to the growth in the skill set of the individual. On theother hand, a negative team attribute will help in carrying out of psychological measure's leadingto conflicts and acts of violence.2
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