(PDF) Psychotic Disorders : Assignment

Added on - 12 Nov 2020

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Psychotic effect of sleepingtablets
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION..........................................................................................................................1Impact of Zopiclone (Z class drug) in causing psychotic disorders:..............................................1Psychotic episodes as a result of Temazepam or Benzodiazepine drugs:......................................3CONCLUSION...............................................................................................................................4REFERENCES...............................................................................................................................5
INTRODUCTIONPsychotic episodes are defined as the symptoms which leads to experience events whichdo not exist in reality. It can be in the form of hallucinations, paranoia, delusions and Delirium.The stressful life has resulted in increasing consumption of sleeping pills like Z-class drugs andother Benzodiazepine class of drugs (For Some Insomniacs, "Z Drugs" Bring On More Than JustSleep, 2006). The report will analyse the role of these tablets in causing psychotic disorders. Itwill also present authoritative evidences like incidents and facts reported by health regulatorybodies to support the hypothesis.Impact of Zopiclone (Z class drug) in causing psychotic disorders:Zopiclone is one of the most commonly used psychoactive drug which is used fortreatment of insomnia. This class of drugs primarily acts upon nervous system and thus can alterthe brain functioning. As a result of this, individuals may experience temporary alterations inbehaviour, mood and consciousness.According to Jaden & Christine, 2017 in the duration 2000-2010 11.2% of people killed in vehicle accidents in Canada were found to have positive test forhypnotic prescriptions which includes Zopiclone and other non-benzodiazepines Z drugs. Thedrug intake few hours before driving caused hallucination and paranoia which resulted in vehicleaccident. The psychological impairment due to Zopiclone lasts up to 11 hours (pms-Zopiclone,2018).In few drivers the alteration in sleeping behaviour was also evidenced. The effect ofmedicine caused them to drive while sleeping and in the state of hallucination accidentsoccurred. As per the reports of Adverse Drug Reactions Advisory Committee (ADRAC), Z classdrugs have significant number of users who were recorded with visual hallucination. Accordingto ADRAC report 2007 in Australia 104 reports of hallucinations were received. Along withthese numbers 16 incidents were recorded in which patients had no remembrance of theiractivities or abnormal behaviour which they persuaded after taking pills (Hypnotic hazards:adverse effects of zolpidem and other z-drugs, 2008). Though these records were related toZolpidem which is another member of Z class family but researchers believe that the samecharacteristics have been found in all members of Z drugs including Zopiclone.J Med, (2013),states that there are no confirm evidences of sleep during paranoia events.Especially the patient who have medical history of hallucinations have very lowered resistance to1
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