Added on -2020-01-07

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PSYCOLOGY

TABLE OF CONTENTSInterpretation of frequency table.................................................................................................3Division of respondents in different age groups.........................................................................3Ethnicity......................................................................................................................................3Interpretation of descriptive statistics of Empathy......................................................................3Interpretation of descriptive statistics of stigma.........................................................................4Correlation table interpretation...................................................................................................4Custom table interpretation.........................................................................................................4T-test...........................................................................................................................................4APPENDIX......................................................................................................................................5Frequency Table...............................................................................................................................5

Interpretation of frequency tableIt can be observed from the table that sample of 230 respondents is taken in to account. Inthis sample there are 40 males that cover 17.4% of entire sample size. Contrary to this, there are188 females and its proportion in total sample size is 81.7%. It is clear from the fact that majorityof respondents are women in the sample that is taken for present research.Division of respondents in different age groupsIt can be seen in the table that people belongs to age between 18-50 are selected assample unit for present study. Those who are in age of 18 cover about 32.6% of total samplesize. Out of 230 respondents 75 belongs to age of 18. Those who are in age of 19 encompass33.5% of total sample size and they are 77 in number. It is clear that 66% of total sample iscovered by respondents that are in age of 18 and 19. Thereafter, respondents that are at age of 20are taken in the research as sample unit and they cover 11.7% of total sample. Remaining agegroups have 1% or less proportion in total sample. It can be said that majority of respondents areyoungsters.EthnicityDemographic division of sample units on the basis of ethnicity is well balanced. It can beobserved from the table that white people cover 36.5% of total sample size. Black cover 21.7%of sample followed by Asian that have 27.8% share in same. Mixed, Chinese and other have6.5%, 0.4% and 7% proportion sample. On this basis it can be said that each ethic group havesufficient percentage of share in the sample.Interpretation of descriptive statistics of EmpathyRelevant table shows that mean value of empathy is 3.94 and standard deviation is 0.42.This means that most of the respondents are giving answer in same direction and any bigdifference is not observed in there response in comparison to mean response. Value of minimumand maximum is 2.25 and 4.88. All these things are revealing that most of respondents havesame opinion.

Interpretation of descriptive statistics of stigmaIn this case value of mean is 3.14 and same of standard deviation is 0.87. This isindicating that most of the respondents give same response on question that is asked to them inrelation to stigma. Value of minimum and maximum is 1.52 and 5.70. It can be said that majorityof respondents have consensus on same option that was available to them.Correlation table interpretationValue of correlation between empathy and stigma is -0.274 which means that bothvariables are negatively correlated to each other. Empathy points to one ability to understand andshare feelings with others. On other hand, stigma indicate set of negative beliefs that people havetowards individual person. Here, value of correlation is negative and this means that in case ofSchizophrenia even person have less or no ability to understand feeling and emotions of other,society does not have any negative thinking about that person. This is reflected from the fact thatvalue of correlation is negative and it means that disability does not play any role in formation ofnegative perception about person that is suffered from Schizophrenia.Custom table interpretationIn this two cases are prepared mild and severe in relation to stigma. It can be seen fromthe table that there is not a big difference in values of mean and standard deviation in differentcategories that are mild and severe. In case of stigma mean value in case of mild and severe is3.12 and 3.17. On other hand, value of standard deviation in case of mild is 0.85 and same incase of severe is 0.90. This is sufficient to state that big variation will not be observed in thepeople beliefs when condition of patient suffered from Schizophrenia is mild or severe.T-testIt is one of the most important statistical tool that is used to test whether there issignificant difference between mean values of two variables. In present case value of level ofsignificance is above 0.05 (P>0.05). On this basis first row is taken in to consideration foranalyzing results. It can be seen that in first row value of level of significance is above alphavalue 0.05. This means that null hypothesis is accepted and it means that there is no significantdifference in mean value of empathy and stigma.

APPENDIXFrequency TableSexFrequencyPercentValid PercentCumulativePercentValidMale4017.417.517.5Female18881.782.5100.0Total22899.1100.0MissingSystem2.9Total230100.0AgeFrequencyPercentValid PercentCumulativePercentValid187532.632.632.6197733.533.566.1202711.711.777.821156.56.584.32241.71.786.12362.62.688.72462.62.691.32531.31.392.62641.71.794.3272.9.995.2291.4.495.7301.4.496.1321.4.496.5341.4.497.0351.4.497.4382.9.998.3391.4.498.7

401.4.499.1461.4.499.6501.4.4100.0Total230100.0100.0EthnicityFrequencyPercentValid PercentCumulativePercentValidWhite8436.536.536.5Black5021.721.758.3Asian6427.827.886.1Mixed156.56.592.6Chinese1.4.493.0Other167.07.0100.0Total230100.0100.0Descriptive sDescriptiveStatisticsNMinimumMaximumMeanStd. DeviationEmpathy_mean2302.254.883.9495.42057Valid N (listwise)230DescriptiveStatisticsNMinimumMaximumMeanStd. DeviationStigma_mean2301.525.703.1420.87410Valid N (listwise)230Graph

CorrelationsCorrelationsEmpathy_meanStigma_meanEmpathy_meanPearson Correlation1-.274**Sig. (2-tailed).000N230230Stigma_meanPearson Correlation-.274**1Sig. (2-tailed).000N230230**. Correlation is significantat the 0.01 level (2-tailed).Matrix

Run MATRIX procedure:10 ** -154 X7.908788308r 95% Lower 95% Upper z Sig-.274000000 -.389553188 -.149954258 -4.236455248 .000022708------ END MATRIX -----Custom TablesStigma_meanMeanStandardDeviationConditionMild3.12.85Severe3.17.90T-TestGroupStatisticsConditionNMeanStd. DeviationStd. Error MeanStigma_meanMild1143.1176.85491.08007Severe1163.1660.89562.08316IndependentSamples Test

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