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Health Issues of Public - Assignment

Added on - 09 Dec 2020

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PUBLIC HEALTH ISSUE-OBESITY ADULTS
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1TASK 1............................................................................................................................................1Public health issues in UK..........................................................................................................1TASK 2............................................................................................................................................7Reflective report..........................................................................................................................7CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................9REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................10
INTRODUCTIONHealth issues of public is nowadays a major concern across the world. Specially in UK,obesity is the major concern among all age group in public. Obesity is a major concern speciallyfor the health ofchildrenbecause most of them are affected with obesity issues. This report is allabout on health issues of public in UK. This report is divided into two tasks. First task is aboutdeterminants of obesity issues and its prevalence and also national strategies are to be discussedwhich is developed for the concern with health interventions. Roles and challenges played byhealth care professional to prevent and to control spread of disease is to be discussed in thisreport. Task two is about reflective report under in which role is to be discussed for promotingand preventing spread of disease in workplace.TASK 1Public health issues in UKDeterminants of Obesity health issue and its prevalenceIn this 21 century, Obesity has become a major chronic disease which is affectingconstantly to large populations of UK. Mainly affected populations are adults andchildren(Keaver and et. al., 2018). According to the survey of WHO report, it was found that 20-40% ofadult populations are affected with issue related to obesity and nearly 10-20% ofchildrenareaffected with this chronic disease. Obesity is known for complex, multifactorial and preventabledisease. But nowadays, it is affecting for almost every population of today. Therefore, it is saidthat if this trend will continuously increase then by 2030, it is estimated that 38% of populationwill become overweight and 20% will remain obese. But majorly affected populations withobesity is of UK.According to a survey, in 2016-17 around 617 thousands peoples are admitted in NHShospital where majorly the patients are concern with obesity factor. Another survey classifiedthat 26% adults are affected with this obesity factor in UK. Ratio of children affected withobesity is that out of 5 every 1 children is affected with obesity (Douglas and et.al., 2018).Obesity is the disease in people are suffer with excess body weight in comparison to their hightand excess fatness increase in their body which overall result with an increase in another diseasein body. Due to obesity, there are various another diseases which takes place in human body.Such diseases may be disability, depression, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases. The sometimesserious disease like cancer also got affected in human body.1
Recently, currently used criteria to measure obesity of the adults is the body mass index.This body mass index is range from underweight (<18.5 kg/m²) to serve. To measure morbidobesity range given in body mass index is (40 kg/ m²). To measure obesity, clinical researchhas found that abdominal adiposity is an important factor which measure active fat surroundingorgans of human body. Table which classify body weight of England population are as follows-This table shows that, women are more obese than men and men are more overweightthan women. This shows that in women, obesity rates are rapidly increasing which is the majorconcern for the population of UK. Maximum age group which affected with this obesity isbetween 45- 54. This creates huge impact on the health of populations of UK. Because of thishealth issues much other health related problems are occurring human body's. Another survey2Illustration1: estimated number of overweight adults(source: Adult Obesity, 2017)
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