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Public Policy Essay Assignment

Added on - 03 May 2020

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Running head: PUBLIC POLICIES 1Public PoliciesNameInstitution
PUBLIC POLICIES2Public policy is the process through which the government ensures order in implementingthe needs of its people as stipulated in the constitution (Dror, 2017). It is a collation of rules andregulations as well as obligations developed through a political procedure. For instance in UnitedStates of America, of late, there has been a healthcare bill that requires the citizens to have healthcare insurance. After numerous consultations and examination the federal government hassummarized that that is the best route to take as far as the concerns of the citizens are concernedtherefore embarking on drafting the bills and making of legislations to develop systems for thecitizens to obtain health attention. Public policy is divided into various types as it regards thesociety e.g. health policy and legal policy (Vedung, 2017).This essay is going to focus on the efficiency of public policy bearing two cases, that is,negative case analysis and positive case analysis. The analysis is as herein discussed below;Firstly, the government of Australia has numerous policies for environmentalsustainability to curtail impact on the environment. The issues entailed in the environmentalmanagement policy include; use of energy, emission green gas, office and building wastes andwaste water.In the recent past, the government of Australia partnering with other states governmentshas taken on determined investigation in Natural Resource Management policy with the aim ofestablishing agendas that can use public funds to the best impact thereby achieving positiveNRM results. In the year 2013, billions of public money was spent by the government ofAustralia to address the concerns of countrywide NRM. The spending of billions on the NRMthe government has been internationally recognized as high level spending thereby attractingpraises for an achievement as well as strong criticism for such a failure (Whetton, Ekström,Gerbing, Grose, Bhend, Webb & Risbey, 2015).Therefore, there is great need to justify the efficiency and the rationale of this policy asregards its capacity building and a more sustaining wider funding through influencing investmentsupport from the community, private investors and the non-governmental organizations. Therolling out of this policy has seen many Australians change their expectations toward agriculturethat has socio-economic and environmental responsibility.
PUBLIC POLICIES3The Australian Strategy for Conservation policy was as a response to the natural resourcemanagement. The program has influenced and changed the community beliefs on agriculture(Boulton, Brock, Robson, Ryder, Chambers & Davis, 2014). The NRM was reflected the basicchange in expectation of the society that has environmental a d economic responsibility. Thereare political and social forces underlying the changes thereby reducing importance attached toagriculture in the economy of Australia contrary to knowledge that agriculture forms about sixtypercent of the total land resource in Australia. Some serious views have been advanced toquestion the contractedness of this natural resource management program by the Australiangovernment. The NRM has reshaped the natural environment from the concept of integratedecosystem to that of utility concept with petty issues of soil salinity and erosion thereby raisingquestions on the impacts of underestimating the natural assets in regard to homegrown health andwellbeing in Australia (Schmoldt, Kanga, Mendoza & Pesonen, 2013).Overly, the substantial attention has been paid on the government’s plans to shape theNRM program and its legitimacy thereof. Billion dollars from the public coffers have been usedto that effect with a number of questions regarding its roles, responsibilities and accountabilityacross ranks and authorities remaining unresolved. Also despite acceptance and roll out of theNRM program some serious allegations have meted against the importance of the naturalresource management program on its ability to enhance community empowerment, decisionmaking pegged on democracy and conflict resolution (Tietenberg & Lewis, 2016).Different views have been highlighted on the efficiency and effectiveness of the NRMpolicy with the following issues standing out clearly;power, responsibility and role- the rolesand powers regarding the spending of public funds to deliver the NRM program throughdevolution. The details concerning the planning process of marking out the goals and objectivesof the program, information for communication, implementation strategies and accountabilitymeasures have been widely protested. For instance suspicion on the function of devolvedgovernments in setting priorities for NRM and supporting ability in terms of incentives by thegovernment have not been understood. Accounting and investment mechanisms by thegovernment have found wanting.NRM planning process. Particular issues have been pointedout concerning the planning process so that NRM plans are made with informed science as wellas socio-economic data, planning within the boundaries of environmental challenges by
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