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Charismatic Leadership: Definition, Characteristics and Impression Management

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Added on  2019-09-22

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Charismatic leadership is a type of leadership where an individual inspires and motivates employees to achieve extraordinary performances. This article explains the definition, characteristics, and impression management of charismatic leadership. It also discusses why it is considered a double-edged sword that requires careful monitoring to avert abuse. The article provides examples of charismatic leaders like Martin Luther King and Mahatma Gandhi. References are also provided.
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Q. What is Charismatic leadership?Ans. Charismatic leadership (Van Knippenberg, D., & Sitkin, S. B. (2013))is referred to the instructions provided by an individual to an organization by individual/individuals who are considered as inspiring people and who have hence been given the power to make suitable changes in an organisation which would result in extraordinary performances by staff.For example: A business manager with help of charismatic leadership could launch a new product line in the company.Following are the most prominent characteristics of charismatic leadership:1. Communication - It is the most important skill of charismatic leaders as it helps to motivate employees, stay grounded and make them comfortable while communicating.2. Maturity - They perform with their wisdom and knowledge and perform in a required manner maturely.3. Humility – They value each employee, listen to their concerns and inspire them to work with loyalty.4. Compassion – The basic qualities a charismatic leader exhibits are compassion, integrity, honesty and fortitude .5. Confidence – They understand themselves efficiently and do not try to be anyone else.Q. Explain what is meant by the statement that charismatic leaders use active impression management with their followers to support their image. Provide and elaborate on one example.Ans. Impression management is the process in which people make efficient attempt to influence the perceptions about a person, object or event. Therefor impression management helps charismatic leaders while performing major functions and granting organizational powers. This suggests that charismatic leaders practice impression management to prepare an image of competence and subordinate-faith in them as leaders.Researchers has said that (LePine, M. A., Zhang, Y., Crawford, E. R., & Rich, B. L. (2015), charismatic leadership is more likely to flourish in the environment with transformational culture as compared to transactional culture. This can be explained with the example of Martin Luther king and Mahatma Gandhi.They are the examples of trusting someone and moral responsibility. They expected their followers to imbibe the non-violent character. Gandhi’s fasting and dress symbolized the simplicity and discipline to change the world. In same manner, charismatic leaders sometimes involve instruments of self-promotion to become innovative, effective, competent, etc. Q. Why is charismatic leadership considered double-edged sword that requires careful monitoring to avert abuse?Ans. An effective leader (Moawad, R., & Jones, S. (2015) ) sometimes goes beyond the personal interest and gains and performs for the needs of the organization. This occasionallytransforms into doing something that is not in their interest but is for the best of the
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