Social Protection in Continental Europe and Latin America
Added on - 16 Sep 2019
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Question 1Please compare the strengths and weaknesses of contributory, risk-focused schemes of socialprotection prevalent in Continental Europe and Latin America with the strengths and weaknessesof non-contributory, needs-oriented schemes of social protection prevalent mainly in theAngloSaxonian world.Answer: Some strengths of contributory, risk-focused schemes of social protection prevalent inContinental Europe and Latin America is the social funding provided to them by ‘cajas deprovision’ that provided protection from life course and work related contingencies. It howeverled to crisis and contributed to extensive liberalization of trade and factor markets. While thenon-contributory, needs-oriented schemes of social protection prevalent mainly in theAngloSaxonian are funded by the taxes and state revenues and only provide facility to those inneed. Weakness is it puts financial burden to poor families and people living in poverty andcannot get access to this policy.Reference: Social protection pdf.Question 2The HIV and AIDS pandemic had a huge socio-economic impact in many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Please argue which social protection actors are in theory available, which actorsthe individual / household can best rely on when it comes to managing the consequences of thepandemic and which actors you expect to only play a marginal role. Would you expect theoptimal mix of actors to change if the HIV and AIDS pandemic had happened in continentalEurope? Please justify your opinion.
Answer: NGO’s play a very crucial and vital role in managing the consequences of thepandemic. Government will play a marginal role. Yes, the optimal mix of actors will changetheir approach towards this pandemic if it has happened in continental Europe as socialprotection in developing countries involves multilateral and bilateral international organizations,and international non‐governmental organizations.Reference: social protection actors- part2Question 3Please discuss why the state should engage in social protection at all. Elaborate amongst otherswhy households might need support in their risk management efforts and why the state should bethe one who provides such support.Answer: Social protection is concerned with protecting and helping those who are poor andvulnerable, such as children, women, older people, and people living with disabilities, thedisplaced, the unemployed, and the sick.The state should engage in social protection because itis: Protective: providing relief from deprivation (e.g. income benefits, state pensions),Preventative: averting deprivation (e.g. savings clubs, social insurance), Promotive: enhancingincomes and capabilities (e.g. inputs), Transformative: social equity and inclusion, empowermentand rights (e.g. labour laws). Household needs support from state as needs capital to gain accessto family, markets, social network, public authorities and membership institutions.Reference: Social protection actors- part1 pdf.Question 4Imagine a region comprising 5 contiguous countries. You are a policy maker in the Cabinet of