Systems Analysis and Design (SA&D) Assignment

Added on - 18 Sep 2019

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Question FormatEach question poses a theme, a “theme discussion”[TD]positioned with a course activity,and a list of principles[TP-n]associated with the theme and activity; albeit, some warrant abook be written to fully explore the topic. The TD’s and TP’s are only addressing a few ofthe aspects.The TD’s and TP’s are in blue font.Hints are given in red font, andgreen fontsdesignate the header for your Course Correlation answers.For each question:Explain how the theme, explanation, and principles tie, or don’t tie, to their associatedcourse materials. Remember the professor played the dual roles of stakeholder andproject champion to help identify some of these course correlations.Explain how the theme, explanation, and principles is relevant, or is not relevant, toour real-world issues.Ensure you clearly designate your position. Outside of clearly stating “I concur”, “Idon’t concur”, or “I partially concur”, you can label the text as follows:o“[C]” for “Concur”o“[DC]” for “Don’t Concur”o“[PC]” for “Partially Concur”The sample question provides examples of the various techniques mentioned.In the sample, take note of “tracing” in the responses to the Theme Discussion[TD]or Theme Principles[TP-n].This helps the professor not “guess” where you areaddressing the points. It is highly recommended you follow suite to ensure you getcredit for coverage. Also, see how the sample conveys complete and concisethoughts.The sample provides two different tracing styles:oCourse Correlations shows an inter-laced style,oIn the sample questions, “Real-World Correlations” shows a segmented style.oUse either style that works for your approach.1P1.05-(Sample) Theme: Need for Systems Analysis and Design Is Not DeadCategory: CTheme Discussion:The course centers on Systems Analysis and Design (SA&D), which has been deemedby some an unnecessary discipline or practice in system engineering practices (i.e., someengineering programs do not offer courses, and until recently, there was limited jobdemand). However, Systems Analyst is rising as an in-demand job1. The professorbelieves this is partially due to industry’s realization that the skill and practice deficitcontributes to the struggles that IT projects have in delivering products on schedule andwithin budget.The course introduced both mature and nascent approaches to deliver the necessary rigorin Systems Analysis and Design products in a streamlined manner to meet the pace anddemands of today’s initiatives.Theme Principles:1.Structured Systems Analysis and Design (SSAD, or some may sarcastically callthis “So SAD” for legacy or waterfall approaches) provide value because they1http://www.careercast.com/jobs-rated/jobs-rated-report-2016-ranking-200-jobs
addressed similar challenges and have been thoroughly “tested” (i.e., they havebeen heavily used”) - where some failed and some worked.2.Systems Analysis and Design (SA&D) practices can reduce overall projectdelivery time and help deliver products that are more likely to meet consumerneeds.3.Technical and non-technical efforts suffer from the lack of SA&D practices;however, there is a need and room for innovation and automation in SA&Dtechniques.Course CorrelationsI concur with the theme discussion since it is the premise of the textbook. Thesupplemental readings focus on new and fairly developed approaches. The professor’sapproaches are indeed still very nascent, but do convey tactics that re-invigoratetraditional approaches to re-purpose their lessons learned to address “conflict” fromdisparate stakeholder communities by “reflecting” their positions.[TD, TP-1][C]SA&D’s ultimate goal is to save time and errors in coding, implementation andmaintenance phases. One such example is the cost of requirement errors2as shown inthe picture below, where requirements cost exponentially more to fix in the later phasesof development. Thus, SA&D is beneficial to get requirements as correct as possible,while avoiding “Analysis Paralysis”.[TP-2][C] Another example is the Schematics gaining consensus on the major problems’impact and how the corresponding solutions address the issues via being explained bythe Transition Message Points (TMP’s).[TP-2, TP-3]Our Real-world Correlations (for another style of referencing)[TD][C] The traditional approach to SA&D (e.g. Waterfall) takes far too long and toomuch effort to fit within the time and resource cycles of today’s environments. However,we still need the results that the more rigorous methods provides to make thedevelopment and implementation phases more effective.[TP-1]I partially concur that challenges that SSAD are similar to today’s challenges.While the legacy approaches addressed new issues, the issues today introduce manymore complexities. However, the “testing” aspect does provide some creditability to theviability of the methods.2http://www.jucs.org:8080/ujs/jucs/Journal/Volume%2013/Issue_13_5/realising_the_benefits_of/jucs_13_5_0669_0678_hall.html;internal&action=buildframes.action&Parameter=1468111979296&ctx=eKS
[TP-2][C]Many projects, IT and otherwise, suffer from a void of basic analysis of theneeds in the quest to see results quickly only to end up swirling (i.e., activity does notequal progress).[TP-3][C]The innovation to track the concepts (i.e., the professor demonstrated this inthe early phases of the class project from the raw requirement sources (e.g., interviews,document analysis) provides the ability to trace which requirements are covered and howthe solutions correlate back to the raw requirements. However, this requiresextraordinary manual effort that needs to be automated to be tenable in an actual project.2P1.15-Theme: Solving Wicked Problems (or the “Middle Riddle”)Category: CTheme Discussion:We discussed wicked problems throughout the semester, and referenced the problems asthe “Middle Riddle”. Our projects touched on this to an extent in having to properlyscope the project to develop the artifacts.Theme Principles:1.Today’s issues must address the multiple perspectives, dimensions and objectivesfrom disparate stakeholder communities.2.Addressing the multiple perspectives, dimensions and objectives requires multipleskills and disciplines that require multiple people to cover the skills.Hints:Remember this diagram and discussionConsider how many project have stakeholders talking past each other, and notunderstanding each other’s perspectives.Helps:Given you concur, dealing with middle riddle takes special attention to deal w/the complexities. Consider what cause these complexities (e.g. competingobjectives, different terms, different culture, etc.). Consider the “specialattention” needed (i.e., the TD and TP’s are provide some ideas).Given you don’t, traditional techniques can still handle the complexities.Tosucceed...Wemustsolvethemiddleriddle!Course Correlations[Your Position]