Rawls Theory of Justice and Utilitarianism PDF

Added on -2020-11-23

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Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1
MAIN BODY...................................................................................................................................1
CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................4
RECOMMENDATIONS.................................................................................................................4
REFERENCES................................................................................................................................5
INTRODUCTION
Ethics can be defined as the system of moral principals which leaves impact upon
decision of people while they interact with others and lead their their lives (Ethics, 2014). It is
concerned with what is good for an individual and society and this may differs with personal
opinion of an individual. It is important for business organisation and individuals who are
working there to follow ethics. Following ethics at workplace in large and small business
organisations helps in sustainability of business for long term. Following ethical behaviour helps
in maintaining change in a balanced environment. Business organisations aims to run for long
duration of time as goodwill is created with passage of time (Mariappanadar, 2012). Being in the
industry from many years have positive social impact for business. It can be said that ethics,
sustainability and positive social impact is complementary to each other. Approaches related to
zero hours contracts, Rawls theory of justice and utilitarianism and Deontology theories are been
used for clear understanding of the scenarios.
MAIN BODY
Zero hour contract is a type of agreement which is made by two parties that are an
employee and employer, in this employer is not restricted to offer any type of minimum working
hours to the staff members (Zero hour contract, 2019). In this case workforce is also not
obligated to accept any work offered by employer. This type of contract allow workers be free to
sign a contract to be available for work as and when required by employee. There is no particular
number of hours or times of work are specified in this contract. In other words, it can be defined
as a non-legal term which is used to define many different types of casual agreements between
employer and an individual. This type of contracts are beneficial for both the parties involved in
the contract. As employer no need to guarantee the individual any hours of work. Work will be
offered to individual whenever it arises and individual can either accept or reject the work
offered. Employee are benefited as regardless of the number of hours of employment they will be
paid with minimum wages as specified in national wage scheme.
Employees who are employed under Zero hour contract is entitled with all the statutory
rights. Workers together with minimum wages are entitled for paid annual leaves, rest breaks and
protection from any kind of discrimination (McNeill and Moore, 2015). Flexibility gets
generated among employees as work with they considered best suitable for them can be selected.
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