Report On Developments & Structure Of Travel & Tourism Sector

Added on -2020-02-05

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THE TRAVEL ANDTOURISM SECTOR
TABLE OF CONTENTSIntroduction......................................................................................................................................3Task 1...............................................................................................................................................31.1 Historical developments in the travel and tourism sector .....................................................31.2 Structure of the travel and tourism sector.............................................................................5Task 2...............................................................................................................................................62.1 Function of government, government-sponsored bodies and international agencies in traveland tourism .................................................................................................................................62.2 Local and national economic policy influences the success of the travel and tourism sector .....................................................................................................................................................72.3 Implications of political change on the travel and tourism sector.........................................8Task 3...............................................................................................................................................93.1 Factors affecting tourism demand .........................................................................................93.2 How supply has changed to meet the effects of demand ....................................................11Task 4.............................................................................................................................................114.1 Main positive and negative impact of tourism on economy, environment and society.......114.2 Strategies which can be used to minimize the negative impact and maximize positive once...................................................................................................................................................13CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................14Reference.......................................................................................................................................15
INTRODUCTIONTravel and tourism is the fastest growing industry and major source of economicdevelopment of the country. It plays a vital role in increasing foreign exchange earnings andenhancing employment in the countries. It helps to promote culture and nationalization globally.Tour operators arrange packages for tourists and provide accommodation to enhance the interestof public towards the holiday travels (Adhikari and Bhattacharya, 2016). It can be described bythree major concepts; the overall movement of people, economic source, enhances relationshipbetween countries and provides facilities to tourists. Travel can be International, domestic,national. This business is operated by many tour operators which arrange tour package fordifferent travels like for domestic travel there is domestic tour operator, for international travelinbound operators are working.Present report will focus on the developments in tourism over the past years and willexplain structure of travel and tourism sector. Government and sponsored bodies, politicalchanges affect the tourism. This report will cover several influences of government and politicalchanges on the tourism business. There are so many factors which affect demand and supply ofbusiness, these factors will be evaluated in this report (Domínguez, Fraiz and Alén, 2013). TASK 11.1 Historical developments in the travel and tourism sector Travel and tourism nowadays is a fast growing economic source of the country. Landonis working in tourism sector since 1960. Technologies, transportation, internet facilities havebeen improved to the great extent which have given this business a huge success. Earlier therewas no internet so people were unable to book their reservation online but due to up gradation intechnologies now manual booking has turned into online bookings. After Second World War onething positive happened was the introduction of aircraft technologies, it increased the demand oftourism all over the world.Recently social life as well as working timings has been changed so that people aregetting time to spend with their families and they plan to visit places or go on holidays (Dredgeand et.al, 2015). Earlier, working hours were approx 40hour in a week but not it is 36 hours andalso now technologies in home have become advanced like washing machines, microwaves are
used by every individual. This saves times. In 1994 channel tunnel opened is London; it was bestfor those who want convenient access to France or other cities. Due to changes in governmentpolicies regarding money exchange, it made currency exchange procedure easy which alsoenhanced the tourism globally. Travel has increased due to Privatization like Virgin company isworking between two countries Manchester and London and tourists are very happy with thequality and cheaper services of this company. Infrastructure has been developed to the great extent (Ghimire, 2013). Hotels, resorts etcare built and services are improved so that it can attract tourists to come and visit such places.Tourism significantly impact social life, natural resources, pollution and economic conditions.International tourist arrival have increased approx 1.1 billion and expected to reach 1.8 billion till2030. Due to improvement in technologies, timing, social conditions, infrastructure etc. Londonis expected to be the first biggest earner in tourism. Source of income of public is now gettinghigh which helps them to invest the money in holiday packages. ParameterValueInternational tourist arrivals6.11 mn nos (P)Foreign exchange earningsUS $ 11.39 bnGDP contribution45.50%Revenue US $ 48 bnIllustration 1: Illustration 1: Inbound tourist arrivals and growth in Landon

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