(solved) Health Promotion - Assignment

Added on - 15 May 2020

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Running head: HEALTH PROMOTIONHEALTH PROMOTIONName of the StudentName of the UniversityAuthor Notes
1HEALTH PROMOTIONAbstractThis report provides information about the importance of health promotion with respect tomental health among the youth. The various risk factors associated with the development ofdepression among the youth are family history, trauma, peer pressure, social exclusion, pooreducation, lack of employment, poverty, among others. The report also describes the role ofpersonality types in the development of depression and also identifies the various barriers thatprevent the utilization of mental healthcare services. Some of them were found to be lack ofawareness, education, poor access, stigma, discrimination, among others. The report alsoidentifies the various intervention strategies that can be utilized to increase awareness and reducethe onset of depressive symptoms among the youth. Finally, it also provides the variousevaluation strategies that can be utilized to determine the outcomes of the interventions.
2HEALTH PROMOTIONTable of ContentsIntroduction......................................................................................................................................4Health promotion campaign and report...........................................................................................5Rationale for the health campaign...............................................................................................5Aim or objective..........................................................................................................................6Health belief model......................................................................................................................6Causes, symptoms and coping strategies.................................................................................6Life chances and depression....................................................................................................8Barriers to mental health services..........................................................................................10Evaluation of policies............................................................................................................10Design of the campaign.............................................................................................................11Intervention strategies............................................................................................................11Resources...................................................................................................................................12Evaluation of the health promotion campaign...........................................................................12Action/Time plan.......................................................................................................................13Implementation..........................................................................................................................14Feedback....................................................................................................................................14Conclusion.....................................................................................................................................14Reference List................................................................................................................................16Appendix 1.....................................................................................................................................21
3HEALTH PROMOTIONAppendix 2.....................................................................................................................................22Appendix 3.....................................................................................................................................23
4HEALTH PROMOTIONIntroductionAccording to the World Health Organization or WHO, health is defined as “a state ofcomplete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease orinfirmity” (Who.int 2018). Mental health forms an importance part of the overall health ofindividuals and with the growing burden of mental illnesses proper mental health promotioncampaigns are essential (Mentalhealth.org.uk 2015;Who.int 2018). However, preventivestrategies are essential as it will prevent the onset of the disorder. Prevention strategies can bebased on identifying a particular target population, who are at risk of contracting the disease andthe prevention strategy should also consider the necessary or costs or risks associated with it.Some of the prevention strategies that can be used during the development of healthpromotion campaigns are universal prevention, selective prevention and indicated prevention.Universal prevention is targeted to an entire population consisting of individuals from differentsocio-economic, demographic backgrounds as well as of different age groups. Selectiveprevention strategies are targeted to individuals or sub-populations who are at risk of developingmental disorders. In such cases, only the at-risk population are targeted rather than the entirepopulation. Indicated prevention strategies are targeted to individuals who are at high risk ofdeveloping mental disorders (Cuijpers, Beekman and Reynolds 2012).This report is based on a health promotion campaign that is targeted to the youth and thecampaign is based on the prevention of mental disorders like depression among the youth.
5HEALTH PROMOTIONHealth promotion campaign and reportRationale for the health campaignDepression and anxiety are some of the common mental health problems in the UnitedKingdom. In 2014, 19.7% of the youth in the United Kingdom aged 16 years or above showedsymptoms associated with depression. This is a significant increase from 2013, when thepercentage was 15%. Moreover, the percentage was higher among females than among themales, which were found to be 22.5 and 16.8%, respectively (Mentalhealth.org.uk 2015). Thetarget population for the health promotion campaign will be the youth. The rationale for selectingsuch a target population is that mental disorders like depressions are a serious concern among theadolescents. The reason for such increased rates of depression among the youth are problems infamily and disruption of the family structure, lack of proper employment for the youth andincrease in vocational and educational pressures (Pedrelli et al. 2015). The recognition of thesymptoms associated with depression, evaluation of the symptoms and providing necessarytreatment is essential in order to prevent self-harming or any forms of suicidal behaviour amongthe youth. Early behavioural problems like smoking, alcohol consumption, substance misuse,failure in schools, fatigue, among others are all associated with the subsequent onset anddevelopment of depression and other mental disorders among individuals (Thapar et al. 2012).Type A personalities are generally characterized by impatience, time urgency andhostility. They are highly ambitious, status conscious, organized, workaholics, among others.This characteristics in turn predisposes them to the development of various diseases likecoronary heart diseases, hypertension, depression, among others. The type A personalities areassociated with high stress levels and show aggressive behaviours. Type B personalities on theother hand are associated with lower levels of stress, enjoy achievements, have a poor sense of
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