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Amin El-YoussefHypothesis Question: What will the impact of legalizing medicalmarijuana be in Australia?RESEARCH PROJECTOutcome 1700 words
Impact of legalizing medical marijuana in AustraliaIntroductionThe international agreement under the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotics Drugs presentlymerged into the 1988 International Drug Control Conventions prohibits the cultivation anddistribution of marijuana (UNODC 2013). Many other countries including Australia areparties to these agreements. Currently, marijuana is a schedule nine drug in Australia placingit in a similar category with drugs like heroin (Smith, 2013). The states in Australia carry outtheir drug scheduling but about the federal government and the Standard Uniform Schedulingof Medicines and Poisons (Smith, 2013).What Is Marijuana?Marijuana is a greenish-gray mixture of the dried flowers of Cannabis Sativa. Marijuana isascribed to different slang terms depending on the region for instance weed, ganja, bud aresome common terms among others. Its consumption also varies based on whether it’sconsumed for leisure or medical purposes. Others use hand-rolled cigarettes to smoke it,water pipes or in blunts (Soller and Lee, 2010). If the objective of consuming marijuana ismedical, then it is commonly mixed with foods such as cookies or to brew tea otherwise if itis for recreational purposes, its consumption will vary. The use of Vaporizers to takemarijuana is also on the rise (Gartner, 2015). The concentration of strength of marijuanavaries depending on the part of the plant. For instance, sinsemilla is a stronger form ofmarijuana (derived from the tended female plant) that comprises of concentrated resins whichhave high concentrations of the active ingredients of marijuana.Medicinal and Recreational Marijuana
The marijuana plant contains over 100 chemicals termed as cannabinoids with each affectingthe body differently. The differences between Recreational and medicinal marijuana arebased on the content of the chemicals. Medicinal marijuana is differentiated by theconcentration of two main chemicals namely Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol(CBD). THC is produced for the high feeling and is associated with recreational weedwhereas CBD is therapeutic. Therefore, the content of medical marijuana is in CBD whereasrecreational marijuana has a higher content of the THC. Additionally, higher CBD contentreduces the strength of being "high" as commonly known of marijuana (Schubar et al., 2011)Benefits Associated With Medical MarijuanaMany research on the probable medical benefits of marijuana have been conducted; however,the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not asserted its use for medical purposes. Apoll survey conducted by Adler and Colbert (2013) found out that 76% of all the votes castsupported the use of marijuana for medical purposes. However, its prolonged use has adverseeffects on the mind as well. Marijuana is used to treat glaucoma which is an eye diseasewhich causes high pressure in the eyeball thus causing harm to the optic nerve and vision lossin the long run. According to the research by Sun et al. (2015), marijuana lowers theintraocular pressure (IOP) in the eye of people with normal pressure and those suffering fromglaucoma. The effect of marijuana hampers the development of the disease thus preventingblindness.Abrams and Guzman (2015) in their study Found out that marijuana can reverse cancer andstop its further spread. Contrary to the common belief that it damages the lungs like tobacco,the researchers discovered that it does not only stop cancer cells but increase the lungcapacity. In their lab experiment study found out that Cannabidiol can avert cancer inhibitingthe Id-1 gene. The researchers tested using breast cancer cells with Id-1 gene which they
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