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Report On Mother & Child Relationship - Bowlby's Theory Of Attachment

Added on - 05 Feb 2020

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Psychology
TABLE OF CONTENTTASK 1............................................................................................................................................3Option A...........................................................................................................................................3Bowlby argues that primary of the mother/child relationship is a product of evolutionaryhistory.....................................................................................................................................3TASK 2............................................................................................................................................6Childhood survivors of the Holocaust and its effects on their later development.................6REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................10
TASK 1Option ABowlby argues that primary of the mother/child relationship is a product of evolutionary history.Mother child relationship is always considered to be a special bond in this entire universewhere a profound scholar named Bowlby has hereby presented a distinct theory of attachmentover here. It is basically in context to present the attachment between mother and child wherethis theory has greatly contributed to explain it in a sensible manner. It is where Bowlby's theoryhas significantly presented an evolutionary theory of attachment that has in turn remarked thebiological existence of children in this world (Beddoe, 2015). It is where the children are herebyreferred to come with a pre planned form of attachment that supports their survival within abiological perspective. This theory is highly influenced from the theory of ethology where ingeneral, it is being linked with the study of Lorenz where he surveyed the study of imprinting. Inwhose accordance, attachment is referred to be unlearned with a special context of young ducksthat in turn provides them an endurance value. However, Bowlby tends to believe that theattachment behaviours are usually spontaneous in nature and are duly activated at the time offacing any such condition that is seemingly threatening the attainment of proximity likedetachment, insecurity and fright, etc.It is where Bowlby has together claimed about the fear of strangers that in turn depictsthe significance of survival mechanism that is normally built in by the nature. It is where thebabies are commonly born with a prior tendency of showing some indefinite unconditionedbehaviour that are also termed as societal releasers (Beddoe, 2014). This in turn assists to assurecloseness and touch with the mother or any other figure of attachment where these signs areusually referred as crying, crawling and smiling, etc., that duly depends upon distinct behaviourof different species. It is basically to discourse upon the evolution of human species whereBowlby have hereby proposed a correspondent theory on whose basis, both the mother and herinfant goes through a biological evolution that biologically necessitates them to stay in touch ofone another. It is where this attachment theory is based upon a leading determinant of care andresponsiveness with four leading points, as mentioned below-A child takes birth with an inborn requisition to get attached to at least one attachmentfigure that is also termed as monotropy.
A child must get constant attention of the above depicted attachment figure for anapproximate period of two initial years of child's life with an important consideration ofsurvival (Beecher, 2016).This is the third most important point of this theory where there together exists a longterm outcome of motherly deprivation that might be either of the following, dependingupon the situation. This includes delinquency, a reduced level of intelligence withincreased aggressiveness, depression or non affectionate mental illness.Lastly, there existed yet another belief of Bowlby where even a short term detachmentfrom the attachment figure often leads to a long term suffering. It has been furtherdetermined with the help of a PPD model that involves three stress levels that are Protest,Despair and Detachment (Zickler, 2014).It can be evaluated that attachment theory results in defining the relationship betweenmother and child. Therefore, it is essential for theorists to identify the nature of parents as it passdown to children and nurture in such a way which results in bringing the child up. However, it isa common belief and thus it helps in improving the nature of children so that it helps in attaininghigh growth and development. For instance, if a child is grown up in a criminal area than it is allbecause of the nature of their parents (Rollo, 2016). Later, children will also bound to commitsame kind of crimes. It is because high rate of peer pressure results in affecting the nature ofchildren. However, children do not use every thing that they have learned from parents but usesthat in order to shape their character. Social groups, friends also play a crucial role in influencingchildren and therefore, it is essential for them to behave in a proper manner so that it does notimpact upon the children and their relationship with parents. Here, nurture helps in leadingparents to believe that sometimes they mess with the life of their children. Therefore, they aresolely held responsible if their child commits any illegal act.Thus, Bowlby's attachment theory could be summed up and assess that observation ofhow a very young child behaves towards his mother both in her presence and absence. It helpsgreatly in developing the personality of children (Brown and Jones, 2014). But the mainlimitation with attachment model is based upon the behaviour which occur during separations ofparents and thus it badly affects the mental status of a child that leads them to affect their life.While, another limitation is that mother is viewed as the primary attachment and thus father and
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