Report on Parent Milestone Expectation

Added on - 21 Apr 2020

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Running head: REPORT ON PARENT MILESTONE EXPECTATION1Report on Parent Milestone ExpectationNameInstitution
REPORT ON PARENT MILESTONE EXPECTATION2IntroductionCulture to significant degree shows and determines the type of method to be used in childrearing. Ideally, different societies expect different types of behaviors in their children, andtherefore, they will be compelled to employ child nurturing techniques that conform to theacceptable norms of the society. For example, western-oriented cultures emphasize attainment ofself-reliance skills and communication at an early age compared to the Asian based culturewhere socialization skills like emotional control are encouraged earlier. Australia beingmulticultural has both the western and the Asian cultures. The study aims at comparingparentage of the Indian Australian mothers, Anglo Australian mothers, and Anglo Australianfathers, based on the time children are expected to have acquired competencies ofcommunication, environmental independence, emotional control, peer interaction, education andself-reliance.Literature ReviewPeople from different cultures have different competencies that are encouraged at earlystages of development; these cultures are also expected to play a critical role in the achievementof specific skills. Analysis of parental goals and expectations in child development from distinctcultures in the world provides more light into the subject (Winskel, Salehuddin, & Stanbury2013). An example is a comparison between the Japanese and American parent expectations, inwhich the Japanese showed that they expected the early development of competencies such asemotional strength and social courtesy compared to the Americans who anticipated thedevelopment of verbal skills and peer socialization skills at an early age (Winskel, Salehuddin &Stanbury, 2013). In another study, Indian mothers, Japanese and English mothers were put into
REPORT ON PARENT MILESTONE EXPECTATION3comparison based on the time they expected competencies such as self-care, compliance,environmental independence, communication, emotional strength, and peer socialization. Thisstudy established that Indian care providers were late in all competencies except theenvironment-independence where they seemed to take place earlier as compared to Englishmothers but late in comparison to Japanese mothers (Pinquart & Kauser, 2017).These studies show how parents from different cultures have different views of childdevelopment miles stones as well as different times when these developments are achieved. Theparental childrearing goals and expectations get shaped by the culture and the type of behaviorthe society wants children to exhibit. Societies have different perceptions on which a personviews themselves and how they relate to others (Wise & da Silva. 2007). The western culturereflects self-independence where uniqueness and separateness from others dominate, while theAsians value connections and relationship with others in the community. The western culturelike America is individualistic, and therefore, verbal skill is emphasized compared to thecollectivism among the Japanese that encourages emotional control and group harmony in skillsat an early age (Ramaekers & Suissa, 2011).Individualists tend to use authoritative parental control, where a parent shows a highdegree of care with simple rules that are well-understood by their children. Authoritative parentspractice permissive child rearing and exercise minimal control on the child’s behavior (Lee,2014). The form of parenting tends to allow children to make decisions that are inappropriate agewise. It the Anglo- Australians employs this style of parenting that makes their childrenindividual centered. Studies have shown that authoritative parenting yields a good result to thechild regarding psychological and educational growth (Park, Coello & Lau, A. S, 2014).Contrary, the Asians exercise the authoritarian style of parenting where a parent exercises full
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