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Report On Origin Of Adolescence & Theoretical Perspectives

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Added on  2020-02-05

Report On Origin Of Adolescence & Theoretical Perspectives

   Added on 2020-02-05

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Transition to youngparenthood
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Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................11. Concepts of adolescence, its origins and emergence as a social construct and its relevancewithin today’s society.............................................................................................................12. Range of sources (including fiction, film and newspapers) to determine the extent to which‘moral panics’ shape and influence discourses on adolescence, youth and young people ....23. Youth transitions to young parenthood .............................................................................44. Contribution of social theory to the debates surrounding young people’s transition toadulthood and our understanding of this process...................................................................6CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................7REFERENCE...................................................................................................................................8
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INTRODUCTIONTransition to young parenthood comprises of a development process in which individualgoes from one stage such as childhood to being in another stage like youth or adolescence. Inevery stage of development process, people learn new things which are always helpful in theirlife. This present report will focus on concepts and origin of adolescence and it also will alsohelp in understanding the sources to investigate the basis of moral panic in respect to youngpeople. Along with it, this report will also critically emphasize on youth transition. This reportwill further access to different theoretical perspectives to understand young people's transitionsto adulthood.1. Concepts of adolescence, its origins and emergence as a social construct and its relevancewithin today’s societyAdolescence is basically a transitional stage of psychological and physical developmentof human and it occurs during development period from puberty stage to legal adulthood whichmeans age of majority. The time period of adolescence is associated with stage of teenage yearsand in development, transition occurs both mentally and physically. The time period ofdevelopment involves changes such as biological, mental and social alterations. The termadolescence is generally associated with more independence and little supervision as comparedto age of preadolescences (Tomanović and Ignjatović, 2006). Basically, this stage is a time toacquire all necessary skills to participate in the adult world. Adolescence is divided into threestages Early Adolescence, Middle Adolescence and Late Adolescence. Early stage is a stagewhich consists of puberty transitions i.e. 8-12. Individuals in this stage become aware of theirrapidly changing body structure. Middle stage starts from 12-15, by the time puberty passes theindividual gets concerned as to how he/she looks and is perceived by the world. Later stages i.e.15-18 feature the intellectual and developed side of the individual. American psychologist, Granville Stanley Hall gives a concept of adolescence in whichhe uses scientific methods to study adolescence. Hall describes that the period of adolescencestarts at puberty age of 12-13 years and it ends late between age of 22-25 years and in this healso defines that adolescence is basically a period of storm and stress. With the help ofrecapitulation theory, Hall describes period of adolescence as a moment which is related foruplifting the mankind to directly super-anthropoid (Masten, 2004). According to theory of1
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adolescence and recapitulation, Hall defines adolescence period as a new birth in which he statesthat human traits are completely born in this stage. Further, he believes that characteristics ofadolescence include both childish selfishness and idealistic altruism and he also stated thatadolescent is wanting of both seclusion and solitude. According to Stanley Hall, during the stageof development and transition there is also yearning for authority and idols which does notexclude revolutionary against any kind of idols and authority. In this, Hall defines that in timeperiod of late adolescence the individual recapitulates begins the state of modern civilization andthis development stage corresponds to the ends process of maturity (Gee, 2007).Even though, this theory plays an important role in study of adolescent development butthere was few criticism of Hall's work such as many of Hall's ideas have not stood test of timeand many writers do not agree that normal adolescence is a time period of stress and storm.According to Bandura 2006, “many young people in USA do not feel stress and anxiety, so, hefelt that assumption about adolescence was an overstatement of real fact. He points out that ifsociety assumes adolescence as a time period of radical tension than it runs the risk of selffulfilling prophecy” (Bandura, 1986). In the same way, according to Atwater 2010, “theadolescence experience is heavily influenced by both social and cultural environment.” From the above criticism of authors as well as the statement made by Hall, further it canbe concluded that difference between Hall's time and present time demonstrates culture changes,so view of psychologists on adolescence also gets changed. In that, conservative time period Hallfrankly discussed the sexuality in adolescence and also viewed sexuality as a healthy and normal,this discussion alarmed many people of that conservative time period and many of them did notagree with sexuality in adolescence development (Learning and the Adolescent Mind, 2010). 2. Range of sources (including fiction, film and newspapers) to determine the extent to which‘moral panics’ shape and influence discourses on adolescence, youth and young people The term moral panic occurs when an episode, condition, person or person's groupemerges to threat to societal interests and values. In enforcing moral panic in society, mediasources such as newspaper, film and radio plays a massive role in it. Basically, moral panic is aterm which is used to define media presentation of something that has already happened and onthis presentation the public will react in a manner that promotes panic (Learning and theAdolescent Mind, 2006). It is generally a feeling of fear which spread among large number ofpeople that some evils are trying to threaten the well being of society. The moral panic has2
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