Risk Factors Involved In Mining | ENER20002 Portfolio Assignment

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REPORT ON THE DESIGN OPTIONS OF LANDWALL MINING METHODPART 1: DESIGN 1The mining options presented have got a myriad of challenges such as risk factors that must beanalyzed during establishment of standard operating procedures. Admittedly, risks associatedwith each mining option have unique characteristics such as accidental collapse of the roof inareas where reinforcements are not done properly. The cross deep shaft method is oftenassociated with this kind of risk as the shafts are sunk relatively deeper. Due to the overbearingweight of the earth movers and the vibration of the machines, areas prone to earth quakes may betriggered off (Singh, Pathan & Unver, no year).). The geologists must therefore competentlyanalyze the data from the area using modern sophisticated tools and software. The identifiedhotspots must therefore be avoided at all costs.Improper and insufficient training of all workers can also be a potential source of problems. Theinexperienced crane operators and drivers may cause damage to people and properties as they tryto navigate the terrain during mining. The entire system of mining must therefore take intoconsideration the complex routing of the machinery and equipment to minimize on backtrackingand unnecessary collisions (Kumar., Chandrasekhar & Reddy, 2016).Some mines have weaker rocks which could cave in during operation. It is therefore oftenrequired that once an area is depleted, the remnants must be cleared off. The belt transect methodwill come in handy in this case.The above mining design options have got both merits and limitations. The belt transect methodis the fastest and perhaps the cheapest to establish and run. The area identified is worked on in arectangular manner before collapsing the weaker walls to give way to new region as movementis both traverse and longitudinal.Therefore, in conclusion, we propose the belt transect method which takes into proper account ofrisk, efficiency and reliability.REFERENCEKumar,B.R., Chandrasekhar, S & Reddy, B.V. (2016). Construction and operation of highcapacity longwall project : Adriyala experience. The Singareni Collieries Company Ltdkothagudem.Singh, R.N., Pathan , A.G. & Unver, B. (no year). Design of Rib Pillars in Longwall MiningBased on Theoretical and Practical Approaches. available from:http://www.maden.org.tr/resimler/ekler/17c0907e67d868b_ek.pdf
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