Assignment on Evaluation of Academic Literature

Added on - 21 Apr 2020

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Running head: RESEARCH METHODSEvaluation of Academic LiteratureName of the studentName of the universityAuthor’s note
1RESEARCH METHODSFootball is a game of high physical endurance as well as injury. In addition, to thephysical fitness of the players it is also required that to perform the players are free from anymental disorder. In the present essay we evaluate two research articles wherein the researchershave analysed the influence of injury and common mental disorders in Football.The study by Gouttebarge et al., (2015) used a cohort study method with a cross-sectionaldesign. The advantage of using a cohort study is that all the individuals selected for the studycame from the same background (were professional football players). However, the playersdiffered in levels of common mental disorders studied through distress, anxiety, sleepingdisturbance, adverse alcoholic and nutrition behaviour. Thus multiple factors of common mentaldisorders were studied through one cohort study. Through the study incidence and prevalence ofdifferent variables of mental disorders was studied. The disadvantage of using the study methodwas it only considered professional footballers from five European countries. Thus to justify theoutcome more studies from other football playing countries as well as non-professional playerswould also have to be considered. The disadvantage of the method is that the causal relationshipcannot be proved.The study by Fernández et al., (2015) used a cross-sectional and quantitative studydesign. The study considered footballers of all age groups – Beginners, juniors and seniors. Theadvantage of using a cross-sectional study design is that the researcher could evaluate theoccurrence of injury in a sport (Football) due to the presence of anxiety. Cross sectional studydesign takes less time to be done and is expensive. However, the study design suffers from thedisadvantage that the relation between exposure (anxiety) and outcome (injury in Football)cannot be related across the study groups.In the study done by Gouttebarge et al., (2015), 3174 players were initially connectedand finally data from 540 professional players were evaluated. The response of all 540 playerswas complete. The analysis of the data showed that the prevalence of common mental disordersvaried amongst the players of different countries. The maximum distress was 18% (for players ofSweden), anxiety was 43% (Norway), Sleeping disturbance was 33% (Spain), adverse alcoholiceffect was 17% (Finland) and adverse nutritional behaviour was 74% (Norway). The results alsoindicated small to moderate correlation between the stressors and different factors of commonmental disorders.277 players from 26 different football teams from Mexico were studied by Fernández etal., (2015) In the study 28.2% of the players were Beginners, 33.9% juniors and 37.9% seniors.The study found that 83.8% of the players did not suffer any injury during 2011-12. The studyindicated that 46.2% of the players had a high level, 52.7% had normal level and only 1.1% ofthe players had low level of anxiety. Research indicated a moderate correlation between age andlesion (p =.542). In addition, the study also found a poor correlation between injury and categoryof the player (p =.127). Further there were statistically no significant differences in sports injuryand anxiety (p= .598).
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