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Report on Design and Implementation of Routing Protocols

Added on - 23 Feb 2020

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NETWORK DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION USINGDYNAMIC ROUTING PROTOCOLS WITH SECUREINTEGRATIONStudent Name:ID Number:Tasman International AcademicsDepartment of Information TechnologyIn partial fulfillment of the requirements of Diploma in InformationTechnology(Level 7)Supervisor: RASHID MUSTAFAAuckland New Zealand2017
AbstractThe expanding need of computers is growing rapidly in modern civilization and subsequently theneed of computer networks. The developing need of high-performance and high-capacity internetacross wide area of campus which is intermediately connected through each other requires theuse of switching nodes and routers. The aim of this research is to design and implement usingdynamic routing protocols with secure integration which will primarily focus on protocolsEIGRP and OSPF. Both of these protocols have been designed and implemented by Cisco andare generally used for a wide range of area. The protocol EIGRP was an enhancement to IGRPand iBGP protocols due to some limitations of these protocols.The other protocol to design and discuss is OSPF which has been designed in order to makechanges in an already existed network setup when user doesn’t want much changes to theexisting network and no changes in the WAN routing at all. OSPF is the solution to this problem.Hence this report discusses about both of these routing protocols in details regarding theirdesign, literature review and implementation.
Table of ContentsAbstract............................................................................................................................................1Chapter 1..........................................................................................................................................31. Introduction..................................................................................................................................31.1 Problem Description..............................................................................................................31.2 Objective and Goals...............................................................................................................41.3 Network Design Goals...........................................................................................................41.4 Network Design Methodology..............................................................................................52.0 OSPF Network Design..............................................................................................................52.1 Network Requirements..........................................................................................................52.2 Network Topology.................................................................................................................52.3 Addressing & Naming Conventions:.....................................................................................62.4 Provision the hardware:.........................................................................................................72.5 Deploy Protocol and IOS Features:.......................................................................................72.6 Implement, Monitor and Manage the Network:....................................................................83.0 EIGRP Network Design............................................................................................................83.1 Active Routes.........................................................................................................................83.2 IP Addressing.........................................................................................................................83.3 Bounding Query Scope..........................................................................................................8Chapter 2........................................................................................................................................11Literature Review..........................................................................................................................11References......................................................................................................................................15
Chapter 11. IntroductionAn important issue to any kind of network system is the security. To prevent all kind of networkthreats is a challenging task for the network administrators as sometimes the area, use of networkand complexity can be really vast in size which is difficult to manage[ CITATION AKu14 \l1033 ]1.To handle this issue there are multiple protocols that are used by the networkprofessionals to ease the task and handle the security issues in more complicated systems. Theseprotocols are divided into distance routing protocols, dynamic routing protocols and manyother[ CITATION VSh12 \l 1033 ]2.Dynamic routing protocols have lots of advantage over distance vector routing protocols.Virtually there is no hop count limit to these kinds of protocols[ CITATION DPe03 \l 1033 ]3.Comparing distance vector routing protocols to dynamic routing protocols shows that, latterprovides valid authentication of the network user while former doesn’t[ CITATION ESL10 \l1033 ]4.A dynamic routing protocol controls traffic and balances the load on the networkconvergence is also faster as compared to others. The two protocols of dynamic routing that areresponsible for rapid convergence of data from sender to the receiver are EIGRP (EnhancedInterior Gateway Routing Protocol) and OSPF (Open shortest Path First)[ CITATION VSh12 \l1033 ]2.These two protocols are able to support transmission of multi-access topology forexample Ethernet and Token-Ring. This report will describe in detail the design andimplementation of these two protocols and the way they help in constructing a secured andintegrated network.1.1 Problem DescriptionWhen Cisco was in rapid phase of their growth during late 90s their IT team evaluated that thereis a need of different routing protocol which makes scaling easier[ CITATION Nar09 \l 1033 ]5.At that point of time IGRP and iBGP protocols were used within regions and between regionsrespectively. Cornell, IT architect for Cisco Network Services quoted that “Every time theyexpand their network to some new area, they have to change a lot to the existing network
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