Research Project in Health and Social Care Setting : Assignment

Added on - 04 Oct 2020

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Research Project in the Healthand Social Care Setting
Table of contentsResearch Title..................................................................................................................................1CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................1Research project description........................................................................................................1Research aims and objectives......................................................................................................3CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW.........................................................................................32.1 Critical Review......................................................................................................................32.2 Rationale for conducting Review..........................................................................................7CHAPTER 3: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY.............................................................................83.1 Types of research...................................................................................................................83.2 Study design...........................................................................................................................83.3 Sampling................................................................................................................................93.4 Data collection.......................................................................................................................93.5 Ethical considerations..........................................................................................................10CHAPTER 4: DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS............................................................104.1 Data collection.....................................................................................................................104.2 Results..................................................................................................................................12CHAPTER 5: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS...................................................205.1 Conclusion...........................................................................................................................205.2 Recommendations................................................................................................................215.3 Areas for further study.........................................................................................................21CHAPTER 6: REFERENCES.......................................................................................................22CHAPTER 7: APPENDICES........................................................................................................24
Research Title“To determine the impact of atheroma disease and its prevention on human beings. Acase study on NHS.”CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTIONResearch project descriptionAtheroma disease refers to a medical terms which can build up of several materialsincluding fat, cholesterol, calcium, connective tissues and inflammatory cells that adhere toarteries. It includes the situation of narrowing an artery which is responsible for restricting bloodflow in the same and even make blockage as well (Walton and et. al., 2015). Moreover, it isobserved that if atheromas become large enough then they may cause serious health issues suchas heart attack or stroke in an individual. This problem of atheroma can occur in any of the arterybut mostly dangerous to be found in medium to large arteries in several organs including heart,arms, legs, brain, pelvis and kidneys. In addition to this, atheromas may leads to severe problemknown as cardiovascular disease can be consider as deadly health issues in people. It includesthat reason of occurring atheromas which is usually takes place in arteries due to repeated injuryto endothelium which is responsible for causing inflammation.Additionally, the continuous injury to endothelium produce both genetic and lifestylefactors and sent white blood cells to damaged area which convert into foam cells. However,these cells are responsible for attracting fat and cholesterol which influence the growth ofatheromas. At the other hand, there are various kinds of health issues which cause injury to arterywalls such as high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes, obesity, high cholesterol, smoking,inflammatory disease like lupus & rheumatoid arthritis, age and sex (Puri and et. al., 2016).Background of the company– The present research is based in health care organisationknown as National Health Service (NHS) which is used as name of every public health servicesestablished in United kingdom including NHS in Scotland, England, Wales and affiliated health& social care in Northern Ireland. It was founded in together in 1948 in form of major socialreforms following the second world war. NHS England which can be considered as an executivenon- departmental public body of department of health and social care. It was founded in theyear around 2013 for serving desired health care facilities in more effective as well as efficientmanner to the needy people. However, this organisation oversees the overall budget, planning,1
delivery and day- to- day operational activities according to theHealth andSocial Act 2012. itbasically holds the contract of general practitioners and NHS dentists. The NHS organisation wasestablished to fulfil healthcare needs of every citizens in appropriate manner to improve theirstandards of living.The given research is based on the topic atheroma disease which creates due to depositionof material in artery which is responsible for narrowing them for restricting blood flow. Itinclude the discussion about impact of atheroma in human beings and its prevention so thatrelevant risk factors can be avoided to spend a healthy lives (Prati and et. al., 2014). However, itinvolves several problems which can be generated due to atheroma may create critical medicalsituation for an individual. This research will provide support to analyse the actual cause of givenhealth problems with its impact and prevention techniques so that people take effectiveprecautions on regular basis. It will provide support to reduce ratio of patients suffering fromatheroma disease by promoting efficient techniques and influence citizens to take precautions ondaily basis which is helpful to reduce risk of relevant heart problems.In addition to this, there are various kinds of symptoms which indicates about theatheroma disease such as angina, hearty attach and stroke and heart failure. It is necessary todetermine actual cause of the given health issue and select precautions and convey guidelines indifferent regions of country in order to avoid the same appropriately. Moreover, heart attack hasit own signs including pain in other parts of body, light headedness, sweating, nausea andbreathlessness. However, angina involves uncomfortable feeling like indigestion, painfulheaviness or tightness, centre of chest is infected and it may spread to other parts like rams, legs,neck, jaw or stomach. In contrary to this, it is helpful to identify harmful habits or activities indaily life which are required to be avoided for remaining disease free. It will render help to gainappropriate knowledge about effective steps to prevent risk of atheroma disease and make peopleaware about the same for reducing its negative impact on society (Jung and et. al., 2014).At the other hand, coronary heart disease is generally occurs due to deposition of fatmolecules i.e. atheroma on the walls of arteries around heart. However, the build up of atheromamake arteries narrower which restrict flow of blood to heart muscle and this procedure is calledas atherosclerosis. It involves several symptoms relevant to cardiovascular, cerebral andperipheral arteries including their related signs in human beings. Firstly, cardiovascularsymptoms can include chest pain, weakness, fatigue, sweating, pain in abdomen, jaw or arms.2
Secondly, cerebral signs involves loss of vision in single eye, slurred speech or trouble talking,weakness or paralysis in one side of body, sudden & severe headache and dizziness or loss ofappetite. Thirdly, symptoms of peripheral arteries include cramping, burning or aching in feetand change in skin colour like usually appearing red(Lee and et. al., 2014).Research aims and objectivesAim -“To determine the impact of atheroma disease and its prevention on human beings. Acase study on NHS.”Objectives -To identify concept of atheroma disease in human beings.To determine the impacts of atheroma disease in human beings.To analyse measures of prevention of atheroma disease in human beings.Questions -How to identify concept of atheroma disease in human beings?What are the ways to determine the impacts of atheroma disease in human beings?How to analyse measures of prevention of atheroma disease in human beings?CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEWLiterature review can be described as an evaluative report of information in which itshould describe, summarise, evaluate and clarify the specific literature. It is a kind of scholarlypaper which involves current knowledge including substantive findings and theoretical &methodological contributions to particular topic. It will provides support to review an importantsection of research which is significant to make appropriate results.2.1 Critical ReviewConcept of atheroma disease in human beingsThe deposition of several materials in arteries such as fat molecules, cholesterol, calciumconnective tissues and inflammatory cells which create problems in blood flow. It will generatepain into chest and then spread the same to other parts of body like heart, brain, arms, legs, pelvisand kidneys. Moreover, this overall process can be known as atherosclerosis which is responsiblefor creating several other critical health problems in human beings. However, these issues caninvolves coronary heart disease, carotid artery disease, peripheral artery problem and chronic3
kidney disease which are severe health problems in people. In addition to this, it is not clearabout particular cause of atherosclerosis but it may generates due to certain traits, conditions orhabits which are responsible for creating risk of given health issue. Meanwhile, it is essential forpeople to avoid harmful habits in their lifestyle like smoking, unhealthy diet and lack of physicalactivity because it can be avoided with the help of changing daily habits.(Source: What is Atherosclerosis, 2018)At the other hand, atheroma disease is a kind of slow occurring problem which may startin childhood but it is considered as complex disease as it can damage inner layers of arteries. Asper views of Kong (2018), there are several components which can create issue of atheromaproblems including smoke, high cholesterol or fats, high blood pressure and large amount ofsugar in blood. Moreover, it is analysed that plaque can begin to build up at those places wherearteries get damaged which makes them harden and narrower. Additionally, it has been analysedthat the blood cell fragments platelets gets stuck to location of injury in arteries which mayformulate into blood clots and results into less flow of oxygen rich blood to the body of humanbeings.4Illustration1: What is Atherosclerosis
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