Research Project Assignment - Smoking and Its Impact

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Research Project
Table of ContentsTASK 1A........................................................................................................................................1CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................11.1 Research Project Description................................................................................................11.2 Significance of study.............................................................................................................2TASK 1B........................................................................................................................................3CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW.........................................................................................31.3 Smoking and its impact.........................................................................................................3TASK 1C.........................................................................................................................................7Formulate research specification.....................................................................................................71.4 Research methodology..........................................................................................................71.5 Gantt chart...........................................................................................................................10TASK 2..........................................................................................................................................12CHAPTER 3- METHODOLOGY.................................................................................................122.1 Match the resources efficiently in research question..........................................................122.2 Research investigation in accordance with the agree specification and procedure.............132.3 Record and collate data.......................................................................................................13TASK 3..........................................................................................................................................14CHAPTER 4- DATA ANALYSIS...............................................................................................143.1Research evaluation techniques...........................................................................................143.2 Interpret and analysis of results...........................................................................................14CHAPTER 5- CONCLUSION......................................................................................................183.3 Conclusion and recommendations......................................................................................18REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................20
Research title:“The effects of stop smoking initiative among young adults in London”TASK 1ACHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION1.1 Research Project DescriptionSmoking was not an issue unless the awareness about cancer was on high emergence.The increasing level of globalisation and more dependence of individuals on technology has ledto rise in loneliness and depression. People nowadays find it difficult to share their views andopinions with each other due to lack of faith, trust and time. This automatically resulted in moreinclination towards activities that relieve the mind from stress and anxiety. Smoking, drugs,alcoholism, etc. are some of these activities (Mahishale and et. al., 2015). There have been widescale campaigning regarding cessation of smoking amongst young adults. The Stop smokinginitiative was launched by NHS in UK. Being a premier health care organisation of the country,it is the responsibility of this organisation to develop strategies which will reduce the tobaccoconsumption or smoking habits of individuals in communities. One of these strategies is StopSmoking initiative.People might consider that smoking helps in exiting the present stressful condition andwould not cause any sort of physical harm. But there are certain ill-effects of this particularescape technique (Khan and et. al., 2014). People are disabled intellectually, emotionally andsensory motors are affected. Furthermore, the lungs cater tobacco from the cigarette and there isdeposition of tartar in the respiratory channels. This blocks the flow of oxygenated blood andmakes the body prone to diseases. The more a person indulges in smoking, more is the risk ofcancer and death. The end results of an active smoker are very brutal and fatal. Despite of theoccurrence and emergence of various programs and activities regarding awareness of ill-effectsof smoking; individuals still engage themselves in active smoking (Rattan and et. al., 2013).Rationale of studyDeath is of two types i.e. preventable and non-preventable. England has witnessedsmoking to be the largest cause of preventable death. This means that amount of individualsdyeing due to cancer and diseases caused by smoking could have been reduced if people weremade aware about the ill-effects of the same. There are various efforts made by the governmentfor creating awareness and stopping individuals to engage in smoking. Hence, there is a1
requirement to explore and recognise the effects or impacts certain awareness strategies have onthe young adults of UK especially London. This city is a growing hub for individuals to sustaintheir life so that better growth in terms of personal and professional development. Hence, thisresearch has been formulated so that one can understand the impact of promotional campaignsand awareness drives like stop smoking initiative amongst the young adults in London. Thishelps in creating strategies and developing tactics for improvising future such campaigns anddrives to curb smoking tendency amongst young adults.1.2 Significance of studyEvery activity conducted in the form of a research must hold some value or significance.This study is based on analysing the effectiveness of smoking cessation initiatives on a particularset of individuals residing in one particular area. The significance of this study is realised whenknowledge regarding impact assessment has to be catered. This research study helps in getting aninsight regarding the concussion of stop smoking initiatives. It also helps in estimating the flawsor barriers which occur in the proper implementation of health promotion campaigns. Thefindings that have been developed through this research can be assistive in formulatingconclusions for stop smoking initiative within London region.AimsAim is a like a milestone which is developed by the researcher for gaining a particularpath of working. The research study cannot get desired quality outcomes unless there is properaim and objectives defined. The main of this research study is:“To assess the effects of stop smoking initiative within young adults of London.”ObjectivesObjectives are considered as the directive milestones which ultimately lead to the aim ofthe project. Since, the aim is defined, the objective has to be in accordance with this aim. Theeffectiveness of research is increased with these objectives and goals. Below mentioned are theobjectives of this research study:To assess the level of smoking young adults currently in London.To assess the impact smoking can have on a person.To understand the different effects of stop smoking initiative.Research Questions2
Research questions are like building blocks which help in getting or collectinginformation with more accuracy and precision when considered the quality of research. Theentire research is guided by following questions:What is the impact of smoking?What are different measures which are taken up for spreading awareness regarding ill-effects of smoking?What is stop smoking initiative?What is the impact of stop smoking initiative over the young adults in London?TASK 1BCHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW1.3 Smoking and its impactTobacco is a by-product of the plant which is known as tobacco, formed when the plant iscuring. Smoking is the process in which a human being inhales and exhales the smoke which isproduced on burning tobacco. According to Schreuders and et. al. (2017), religious rituals andmedicinal purpose was considered as the primary reason for consumption of smoking in theearlier ages. But currently, smoking has become a style statement or lifestyle symbol forindividuals to develop their standard of living. Hamad and et. al. (2014) stated that tobaccoinvolves nicotine which is an alkaloid with poisonous attributes. Apart from this poisonoussubstance present in abundance, the smoke of tobacco has various other components like carbonmonoxide, acrolein, ammonia and tar. These have critical impact over the respiratory system ofhuman body.The development or settlement of cancerous substances in the various tracts and systemsof the body causes adverse effects which include chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,emphysema, stroke, impotency in males and several other cardiovascular diseases. The majorarea which is affected by cancer includes mouth and larynx. According to Harrington and et. al.(2015), there have been growing concerns of individual groups and organisations for spreadingthe awareness regarding bad effects of smoking. People indulge in these activities for escapingfrom stress and anxiety. Despite of the presence of various regulations and disciplinary actions tocurb smoking people still indulge in these activities whenever found spending their leisure time.3
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