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Gendered experience of mental health and wellbeing PDF

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Gendered experience of mental health and wellbeing in Bangladeshi urban community: an
Anthropological study bridging differences in culture and society
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Broad Objective: Bangladeshi Gendered Strategies for well-being and health in Toronto.
The general objective of this research is to attain a deeper understanding of
Bangladeshi immigrants’ in Canada. The core components that shape the local, colonial,
nationalist politics, cultural settings and mental wellbeing have to be identified. The focus of
this research is on the mental well being that is negotiated, re-rooted, and reinforced in
global, transnational, and multicultural immigrant settings in Canada. Along with that the
other essential components of this research are gendered experience of the target population,
well-being as a part of immigration process and the reason as well as the outcomes of this
Diaspora. The objective of the research is to explore, connect, analyze, and document the
socio-political dynamism of transnational migration, gender roles and identity, dynamism of
social interactions, regionalism, and divisions and their impact on the mental health and
wellbeing. The essential factors of this research are physical and mental wellbeing of the
Bangladeshi community in Toronto. The mental health and wellbeing of the Bangladeshi
community has been assessed by dividing the target population by considering their social
class, sense of nationalism, religious perspective, and urbanisation.
Spproject?ecific objectives:
1.What do Bangladeshis do in the urban environment of Toronto can achieve well-
2.How do they define mental health and well-being and the gendered dimension of this?
3.How urban spaces do influence the mental well-being in current situation?
4.How are men and women situated differently in the urban spaces of Toronto to
experience mental health and wellbeing?
Anthropological Research Methodology:
Methodology in relation to Transnational Migration
The methodology of this research has been developed as per the anthropological
perspective on socio-psychological interpretation. Therefore to understand the reason behind
selecting the research philosophy, design and approach, the analytical evaluation of the
Transnational Migration and consequences is essential.The process of acculturation in any
westernized country is sought with many challenges and hardships for the immigrants,
especially for the people belonging to the ethnic minorities (Dumit, 2014, 347-349).
Therefore to examine the psychological interpretation of the research findings, through socio-
anthropological perspective, this research has to focus on more interpretivist approach.
Comparative method could be used to study different cultures of same period. It is known as
cross-cultural approach. The history of cross-cultural comparison dates back to the late 19th
century when E B Tylor and L H Morgan developed early cultural evolution. Later this
approach was advanced by G P Murdock. cross-cultural comparison is a method of studying
cultural phenomena across cultures of the same period. This research does not focus on any
historical issues or pre-experienced situation. On the other hand, this research needs to
conduct any descriptive study on the Bangladeshi community in Toronto. Thereore the
chosen research approach is cross-cultural comparison. The purpose is to explore the socio-
physiological environment of the Bangladeshi people as immigrants through anthropological
It has to be mentioned in this context that for the Eastern nations, the difference in the
culture is not just limited to cultural identity and religious beliefs of the individuals, the stark
differences extend to principles, values and even the life style. Hence, for the immigrants,
these differences affects their ability to adjust with completely different living condition and
social structure of the modernized cities of the west.The culture of discrimination, bullying
and social isolation based on race, skin colour and language has been reported to complicate
the survival or acculturation of the immigrants to the new countries (Fassin, 2008, 335-342).
Before choosing the research design the field of this research have to be examined
while comparing with the proper anthological approach. From the very early stage of the last
decade Canada has become one of the most significant spot as immigration destination for a
variety of reasons. The nation represents excellent infrastructure, employment opportunities,
and exceptional health care. As a result a variety of people from third world countries
immigrate to Canadian cities every year for a varied range of purposes including education,
employment, health, and to evade warfare or crisis situations. Although the immigrants leave
their native lands with hopes of availing a better life with far lesser challenges they have been
facing, although after the immigration, they are faced with new hardships and challenges
while going through the process of acculturation (Ingold, 2014). This ethnographic research
proposal has focussed on the acculturation process of the Bangladeshis in the westernized
city of Toronto, their practices to achieve wellbeing in the city of Toronto, the self-generated
strategies to avail better wellbeing and health while living in Toronto.
Global communications and interactions is this current world reduces hegemonic and
powerful presence of Western anthropologists in various “other” locales. In this global world,
not all anthropologists are White, Westerners, or representatives of 53 dominant European
cultures; the traditional “we” anthropologists are in many “they” societies and cultures
(Fabian, 2010). Anthropologists are no longer carrying a single national, cultural, and ethnic
identity. Native anthropologists are also mobile phenomena in many global locations as
professionals, university teachers, researchers, activists, aid workers and international
students in Western and North American universities. They have become new powerful
academics and experts of diasporic cultures who define their anthropological status in relation
to their ‘authentic cultural roots’ as well as to global and despotic locations.The analysis of
the data will not be considering economic or other positivist field of study. To align the study
pattern with the cross-cultural research approach, the most appropriate research method will
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