Research Report on Animal Cloning

Added on - 23 Mar 2020

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Running Head: RESEARCH REPORTResearch Report on Animal CloningName of the StudentName of the University
1RESEARCH REPORTExecutive SummaryAnimal cloning is a subject of intense interest among biologists, scientists and common peoplealike. While some researchers carry out the research process in order to find new ways to breedclones of animals, others breed some specific clones for commercial benefit. However, this typeof cloning also involves hybridization of two nearby species (like wooly pig, iron age pig, geepand others) who are more productive than the original species. However, as of now, most of theexperiments have failed and the researchers have generally failed to develop viable organisms bycloning and hybridization. This research report is focused on the study and analysis animalcloning and its effects on the society as well as the world.
2RESEARCH REPORTTable of Contents1.0 Introduction................................................................................................................................32.0 Animal Cloning: A Detailed Research......................................................................................42.1 Literature Review......................................................................................................................42.2 Methodology..............................................................................................................................72.3 Discussion..................................................................................................................................72.4 Ethical Issues...........................................................................................................................103.0 Conclusion...............................................................................................................................12References......................................................................................................................................13
3RESEARCH REPORT1.0 IntroductionCloning is a biological technique that is used to create a new organism that is geneticallyidentical to another organism. The first idea of cloning was brought forward by GermanEmbryologist Hans Spemann in 1935. However, initially, only trees and plans were clonedsuccessfully. Animal cloning attempts were started much later around the 1980s when variousspecies like frogs, pigs and others were used to develop clones. The first successful clone of amammal was of a sheep (named Dolly) that was born in 1996 (Song et al., 2016). From thatpoint of time till now, many attempts have been made to clone various other species especiallycritically endangered or extinct species so that they can be brought back into the world.However, the cloned animals were born, most of them died early due to various organcomplications (lung problems in most of the cases). Moreover, it has been found that of allcloning experiments conducted, only around 30% have been successful. With increasing researchon cloning, ideas have arisen regarding the possibility of cloning a human being (Bohrer &Bordignon, 2016). However, human cloning has since been branded as illegal in order to protectethical and religious beliefs of many communities. Before this, human cloning experiments havebeen conducted and some scientists were even successful in cloning human embryos. In recenttimes, researchers have proposed to conduct cloning techniques for therapeutic purposes.However, the ethical factor for such research is still under debate (as many consider it to be anunsafe technology and may result in abuse of the subject) and such, no such implementation hasbeen done yet.
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