PSY 10004 : Psychology 101 - Swinburne

Added on -2020-02-18

| PSY 10004| 13 pages| 3085 words| 54 views

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Running head: RESEARCH REPORT 1Research ReportNameInstitution
RESEARCH REPORT 2Research ReportAbstract Personality and individual differences can be reflectedregarding people tend to be politically conservative or liberal. Conservatism has been associated with moral foundations about group loyalty, purity and the respect for authority commonly referred to as building foundations. On the other hand, individualizing foundations include care as well as justice. In attempts to integrate the two concepts related to political explanations, a study comprised of one-forty Netherlands student were used as sample to complete the moral Foundation'squestionnaire, as well as in explicit and implicit political orientation measures,was conducted. The outcome remained identical to the earlier outcomes, particularly social dangers alongside binding moral-foundations perceptions were linked to an explicit together with implicit conservatism measures. Relatively, a sufficient evidence pointed out that a conformist moral attitudes pattern accelerates link concerning social dangers alongside political conservatism that had been perceived. By integrating theoretically discrete clarifications, the displayed outcomes make significant strides towards establishing a comprehensive depiction of personality variances shapers in regards to affiliations politically. The research aims at testing two significanthypotheses: Do liberals predispose increasingly towards moral intuitions like harm or care alongside Fairness or reciprocity in corresponding decision making and do conservatives depend on the entire five moral intuitions balanced nature, in this case, all the foundations are rated equally relevant. Findings from the study are in uniformity with the hypotheses proving that indeed there is an association between liberals and moral intuitions like Fairness/reciprocity and Harm/care while conservatives are embedded more on a balanced scope of the five moral intuitions.
RESEARCH REPORT 3Hypotheses Liberals incline more towards moral intuitions such as Harm/care and Fairness/reciprocity in their decision makingConservatives rely more on a balanced nature of all five moral intuitions, in this case; allthe foundations are rated equally relevant. ParticipantsA total of 27 male and one hundred and thirteen female aged 20.230 and SD= 3.810 fromGroningen University took part in the research. Data obtained from 25 additional participants were nullified due to different reasons. Taking into consideration scoring instructions from the questionare on moral Foundation's, the data from 21 of the participants who showed highly unusual responses were excluded. It is important also to state that the inclusion of these participants did not in any way affect the correlation of the measured variables and the moral foundation scores. Two participants, with extreme responses were excluded following the scoring instructions in IAT. Also, one of the participants did not accurately abide by the instructions and another data obtained from one other participant was lost as a result of a computer error. Dutch (n=15) was language for instruction used by majority of the participants. The sessions, technically, were concluded in different partitions, and each material being encrypted using Dutch language in computers.Procedures The initial step in this stage was to complete the 41- item moral foundation questionnaire to test for underlying ideological preferences. The questionnaire had 40 items that measured two significant aspects of moral attitudes. 20 items measured moral relevance and hence tested for the extent to which various considerations for the participants were relevant when deciding on
RESEARCH REPORT 4whether something is wrong or right. The researchers recorded the responses on a six-point scale that were labeled “not all relevant or extremely relevant”. The other 20 items measured moral judgment, in this case, participants answered to which extent they agreed with statements like, “Is chastity as a virtue integral and valued?’’. Responses were manifested on a scale based on 6-points which were also tagged “strongly agree or strongly disagree”. A combination of the relevance together with judgment items was used to compute scores for the moral intuitions like harm/care, fairness/reciprocity and authority/respect, in group/loyalty and purity/sanctity foundations. For the purpose of statistical efficiency, scores for binding foundations and individual foundations were computed and employed in other analyses within the study. Participants then filled in a single item precise measure in regards to political affiliation, this wasbased on a 7 point scale. A measure of affiliation politically was completed by the subjects, the measure entailed implicit connotation test that examined cognitive associations between conservative, liberal negative and positive concepts on the opposite side. Subsequently, this is the procedure that was used to categories liberals and conservatives. Technically, positive scores were linked to a stronger association between conservatives as well as positive concepts. In the end of this procedure, the “belief in a dangerous world” scale that comprised of twelve test items that measured personality variances perception was completed by the subjects. The seven-point scale was used to stipulate the responses. Results A moral foundation perspective From the first test, participants individualizing foundation scores was higher as comparedto the scores of binding foundation, (M=3.590, SD=0.450 and M=2.620, SD= 0.500,

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