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Running head:ROBOTS IN SOCIETY AND THE END OF MANUAL LABOR FORHUMANSRobots in Society and the End of Manual Labor for HumansName of the Student:Name of the University:Author’s Note:
1ROBOTS IN SOCIETY AND THE END OF MANUAL LABOR FOR HUMANSTechnological advancements have led to the rise of machinesthat possess the ability ofreplacing humans at workplace. The skills of the robots are expanding that is helping thebusiness organizations to increase the overall productivity drastically (Chijindu and Inyiama2012). The ability of the robots to perform much more compared to the human counterparts isposing potential threats on their employment.This essay highlights the rise of robots or machines at the different workplace that ishampering manual labor. Therefore, the essay discusses the problems, examples, causes and theimpacts of the rise of robots and the end of manual labor for the humans.Over the past decades, the business organizations are aiming towards increasing theirproductivity along with business expansion by satisfying the customers. In order to increase theproductivity of the business, use of technology is preferred by the companies. As commented byMoniz (2013), the urge of the companies to increase the productivity has led to the rise of the useof robots in the workplace. The use of robots has enabled the companies to perform tasks in lesstime compared to the human labor. For example, a multitask performer robot can make and flip agourmet burger in 10 seconds and have the potential of replacing an entire crew of a fast foodchain(Refer to Appendix 1).As mentioned by Kaivo-oja, Roth and Westerlund (2017), the fast functioning ability ofthe robots to complete the task will result in the rise of robots. In future, the scope of human jobsand employment will reduce largely. Among the various works in the manufacturing sector,humans are required for handling the machines, production, providing items in the machinestimely and cleaning. Considering the normal speed of the humans, the entire processes are tiringand time-consuming. Therefore, the use of robots for performing the aforementioned tasks will
2ROBOTS IN SOCIETY AND THE END OF MANUAL LABOR FOR HUMANShelp the organizations save time, money and human labor. The organizations will be able to usethe robots for as multi-task performers to complete the tasks within half time. This will help theorganizations to complete a large number of tasks in less time thereby, increasing theproductivity (Bayne and Parker 2012)(Refer to Appendix 2)The robots are replacing humans and their jobs at an alarming rate, as businessorganizations prefer the use of robots rather than human labors (Hashimoto et al. 2013). This isbecause of the various advantages robots have compared to human labor. Firstly, the robots aredesigned in such a way that they are able to perform much faster compared to the humans. Therobots have the ability to complete a task 50 times faster than the humans do. For example, arobot has the ability to stock an entire warehouse within an hour whereas the humans would takemore than 4 hours. Moreover, a robot is able to perform more than one task at a time. The robotsare designed in such a way that they are able to perform tasks with precision (Yeates 2013).Therefore, the tasks performed by the robots are free of mistakes thereby, ensuring high-qualityservice and product for the customers(Refer to Appendix 3).As commented by Rus (2015), due to extreme work efficiency, the robots might soonreplace the humans. However, as argued by O’Sullivan et al. (2016), robots are machines withthe probability of breaking down and malfunctioning. The rise and use of robots are hamperingthe human employment and their necessity at workplace due to increased work efficiency, fewermistakes and working with precision. On the other hand, tasks performed by humans requires aconsiderable amount of time followed by some margins of error at their work. These significantissues are probably reasons that might make human contribution and requirements unnecessary.
3ROBOTS IN SOCIETY AND THE END OF MANUAL LABOR FOR HUMANSThe rise of the robots will adversely affect the human employment to a certain extent. Ascommented by Vaughan et al. (2012), skillful and qualified employees are required formanufacturing and programming the robots. However, once the robots are programmed toperform a human task, the human employment will be hampered. Therefore, the employment ofthe normal employees will be hampered. For example, employment of service industry andproduct manufacturing industry will be hampered, as the robots will be programmed to performsuch tasks efficiently. Manual employees take a considerable amount of time along with morethan one employee for completing tasks. Moreover, manual labor has a tendency of conductingstrike at the workplace in case their demands are not fulfilled. Therefore, in order to avoid theaforementioned issue of manual labor, robots are preferred more(Refer to Appendix 4).As slowly but steadily, the robots are taking upon the human labor and employment, it isnecessary to protect human labor. According to Carlson (2015), lack of employment for thehumans will hamper the growth of the country. If the robots keep on replacing the humans, theywill be left with no job. As a result, the employees will be unable to continue the livelihoodssuch as education of their children, availing medical facilities and living a standard life.Therefore, it is essential to protect human employment. At certain instances, customers findrobots very mechanical and do not prefer taking service from them. Moreover, robots lack thepower of reasoning thereby, hampering the work they do. Therefore, the ability to avoid suddenobstacles at work and providing warm and affectionate service to the customers, human labor isrequired. These can be used to protect human employment(Refer to Appendix 5).In this essay, it can be concluded that due to increased work efficiency, time-effectiveness and productivity, business organizations are preferring robots over human labor. Inorder to sustain in the competitive business market and keep up the pace of the ever-changing