Legal System Assignment (Solved)

Added on - Dec 2020

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Role of Magistrates – Acourt report
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1PART – A........................................................................................................................................1PART – B.........................................................................................................................................2PART – C.........................................................................................................................................5CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................5REFERENCES................................................................................................................................7
INTRODUCTIONLegal system is a set of procedures and processes used to interpret and enforce law. Thelegal system in the UK is administered by the courts. The report gives a brief understanding ofthe legal systems and its functions prevalent in the UK. There is also a brief of the informationgathered while attending the court along with the functioning of the court (Abel, 2014).PART – AThe criminal matters are heard in the Magistrate's courts at first instance. While theserious criminal matters are sent to the Crown court after preliminary hearing, the less seriousmatters or matters of juveniles are tried in the Magistrate's courts. The proceedings in thesecourts are presided by the Magistrates, who deal in 3 types of offences – Summary, either-way(matters which are heard before a magistrate or judge in crown court), and indictable-only(matters which goes to Crown court).The members involved in the organisation and operational administration of aMagistrate's court are explained below:The cases in the Magistrate's courts are heard by:TheDistrict Judgesare legally qualified judges to whom fees is paid, they hearthe complex and long matters (Greene and Heilbrun, 2013).TheDeputy District Judgesare part time judges, paid, sitting at least for 15 daysin a year.TheJustices of peaceare people living in the locality not having legalbackground, dealing with less serious matters of theft, public damages etc. Theysit along with a legal adviser who has knowledge of law. They sit in benchescomprising of three magistrates and are not paid (Judicial System,2016).TheJustices' Clerksare the legally trained persons in the Magistrate's court who providelegal advice to the justices on the matters.TheUshersare court officials responsible for deciding order of cases, secured transactionof legal documents and inform participants about their turn in the courtroom. Usually only theushers wear black robes in the Magistrate's courts.TheProsecuting Solicitoris the lawyer who represents the case on behalf of the state orthe police department, stating what offence has been committed by the accused.1
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