Role of Manager and Leaders - Toyota

Added on - 22 Jul 2020

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Management and Operation
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1TASK 1............................................................................................................................................1TASK 2............................................................................................................................................4P 4. Approaches of Toyota and role of Manager and Leaders....................................................4P 5. Importance of operational management in achieving business goals and objectives..........6P 6. Factors of business environment that impacts upon operational management...................7CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................8REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................10
INTRODUCTIONManagement and operation includes processes like organising, planning , supervising,provision of service and manufacturing. This also helps in increasing efficiency of organisationfor gaining maximum output from minimal resources. Inputs can be ranged from technology,material equipment and human resources (Smith, Rahn and Wang, 2010). This report hasfocussed Toyota Plc. And their approaches in internal and external business organisation. Therewill be detailed analysis of roles of leaders and managers and approaches they use in maintainingtheir business successfully. It also pinned down certain factors that effect decision making oforganisation in their business activities.TASK 1P1Roles and characteristics of leader and a manager.Toyota Motors Company is a largest auto mobile company in the world that was foundedand formed in 1965 having headquarter in Burgh Heath, Surrey, UK. It is one of the fact growingcompany in the world, they are able to increase their base due to potent marketing planning andeffective leadership. Peculiar feature of leadership of Toyota is that they follow traditionalJapanese business technique where every department is directly controlled by higher levelauthority.According to M Chemers ' It is a process of social causation where one person takes helpof other for completing their work '. On the other hand Alan Keith 'Leadership is about creationof a way to contribute in doing something different and extraordinary'. The term manager isalso defined by different dictionary and expert and dictionary (Neck and Manz, 2010). Businessdictionary said that ' A manager is an individual who is in charge of certain group of task havingpower to take decision on it accordingly'. By Chambers dictionary ' A manager is that personwho take overall control or charge of an organisation, enterprise or project.In Toyota Plc. Leaders and managers have different roles in business activity oforganisation. Both of them have their defined roles and area of activity where they contribute indevelopment of company in future prospectives.Roles of leaders are:Theyhave different and unique qualities which holds a superiorposition in organisation. They are mostly involved in taking risks for company, for e. g., Indeveloping a design of a car leaders take risks to generate innovative ideas.Their main focus is1
on leading people and generate ideas so that company can achieve maximum profits and desiredsuccess.Their main responsibility is to guide and direct their followers. They help company todevelop innovative and creative vision statement and provide directions in order to achieve that.They focus on increasing involvement of workers in business process of organisational. Mostleaders are driven by creativity, imagination, people, charisma in the organisation.Role of manager are:Managers have main focus on managing business activities, resources andgoals. Manager are task oriented and can be transformational, autocratic, democratic,authoritative.They help company to develop short term goals and formulate strategies in order toachieve them. Managers build effective system to initiate smooth flow of business activities andmore satisfaction by employees.Below is the comparison between managers and a leader:MANAGERLEADERManager is responsible for setting goals andobjectives for the company.Responsibility of a leader is to guide and directtheir followers and staff members.Various functions of managers are planning,organising, staffing, directing, controlling.Various functions of leaders are inspiring andmotivating their followers.They take risks for company.They minimise risks.P2Role of leader and function of manager in situational context in Toyota.Managers and leaders both are key personnels for any company. They both work inassociation in order to help company to achieve their success by completing all businessobjectives and goals on time.In the fast moving world, business organisation have to facedifferent challenges in macro and micro environment and in order to prevent any problems theyhave to effective plans and strategies for gaining profit in challenging competitive market. Forexample, after the Proposals of Brexit passed in UK their is certainty in future of tradingpractices in UK market because many laws were enacted by EU that are followed by UK. AfterBrexit all legal policies and guidelines will be made by UK government that may hamperproceedings of organisation. It is also expected that government will support and fund differentsmall scale organisation to grow their business. It is a bigger problem to Toyota Plc.Leaders and managers should formulate effective plans in order to tackle unpredictablesituations and also guide their employees to work in appropriate direction to handle different2
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