Role Of Public Health In Health & Social Care | Assignment

Added on -2020-02-12

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Role of Public Health in Health& Social Care
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1TASK 1............................................................................................................................................11.1 Role of different agencies.....................................................................................................11.2 Explanation of epidemiology of one infectious and one non-infectious disease.................21.3 Effectiveness of different approaches and strategies to control incidence of infectious andnon-infectious diseases................................................................................................................2TASK 2............................................................................................................................................32.1 Current approach and priorities ............................................................................................32.3 Relationships in between the prevalence of disease and requirements of services..............42.3 impact of current life styles .................................................................................................5TASK 3............................................................................................................................................63.1 Health and well-being priorities for individuals in a particular health or social care setting.....................................................................................................................................................63.2 Effectiveness of strategies, systems and policies in a health or social care setting..............63.3 Changes that could be made to improve the health and well being of individuals in ahealth care setting........................................................................................................................73.4 Behaviour change activity.....................................................................................................8CONCLUSION ...............................................................................................................................8REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................10
INTRODUCTIONWondering about a life that is free of pain, diseases and other negative aspects is a dreamof every individual. Public health is a factor that contributes to development of this dream intoreality. WHO (World Health Organisation) has stated that public health is the science ofproviding a safe and healthy environment to individuals with combined efforts of community.Health and social care is largely dependent on public health and active cooperation of societiesand communities because this attribute has a greater impact over wellness of the country(Khoury and Evans, 2011). This report aims to provide knowledge about different aspects ofpublic health and with discussions about health and social care provisions in that are active incurrently. Moreover, influences of health and well being of people in such settings shall bedemonstrated through this report. TASK 11.1 Role of different agenciesIt can be assessed that there are different diseases which are infectious and non infectiousspreading within society and affects the health and well being of individual. Thus, in order toovercome such issues there are different local, national and international agencies working sothat health and social care among public could be promoted (Hughes, 2012). Following are thedifferent agencies in regard to assess the health and disease within community such as-World health organization (WHO)- It is one of the significant international agencyoperating in United Nations and thus provide services in regard to assess the worldissues related to health and well being. Its main motive is to promote international publichealth and thus minimize the impact of disease upon public. WHO promotes healthcampaign and initiative different actions so that quality services related to medical couldbe provided to public. Such agency also functions in relation to provide differentregulation related to health and social care and thus promote better health services so thatsuccess can be attained (Khoury and Evans, 2011). Public health- It is an agency that works at national level and is carried out by UKgovernment so that welfare of public and individual could be developed within UK.Main purpose of such organization is to protect the public from non-infectious and
infectious diseases (Lewis, 2015). For this they need to educate public and provide themappropriate health care provisions so that health of public could be safeguarded. Clinical commissioning group- It operates at local level within UK and thus helps insafeguarding the local public so that they do not get affected from any infectious andnon-infectious disease. Thus, it is essential for such group to promote health and wellbeing so that better quality health care services could be provided to patients (Mehta,Croudace and Davies, 2015). 1.2 Explanation of epidemiology of one infectious and one non-infectious diseaseEpidemiology of infectious disease- Tuberculosis (TB) In England, there were around 5758 cases of TB in the year 2015. Of these, 39 per centcases were detected in London. 73 per cent of the cases were of those people who were not bornin UK. Of these cases, 60 per cent of the people were those who have been residing in UK formore than six years. This indicates the trend of reactivation of latent TB. The non- UK borncases of TB belonged to India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Though, there has been a decline in therates of TB among these populations significantly. In UK, TB is strongly associated with healthinequality. The rates of TB in people living in deprived communities is 7 times higher ascompared to those people who live in less deprived areas. 35 per cent of the cases of TB werethose people who were not educated or were unemployed (UK stats and targets, 2017). (Source: Khoury and Evans, 2011)Epidemiology of non- infectious disease – ObesityIllustration 1: Tuberculosis

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