Research Design Quiz

Added on - 19 Sep 2019

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255PY. RP2 debrief_answersRP1 – De-Brief Quiz FeedbackLast week (workshop 2), you had the opportunity to participate in your 1stresearch practical(RP1). This study, as you will know from reading the participant information sheet, wasindependently reviewed and approved by CU ethics committee.As part of good ethical practice, it is important that following a study participants are fully de-briefed. Normally, this would be done by providing a debrief letter to participants at the endof the study explaining its purpose, design and implications, and answering any furtherquestions they may have.As RP1 is linked to your coursework write-up, you are invited to participate in a quiz whichwill form part of your de-brief. The purpose of the quiz is to help you understand thebackground to the study including the research design. This will help you: 1) in writing-uppart of your coursework (especially the methods section), and 2) identifying what type ofanalysis you need to conduct. The data are available now to analyse RP1 as part of yourcoursework write-up. For now, lets get on with the quiz (you can refer to RP1 study materialsif you need help).1.What do you think was the main aim of the study?This experiment was used to test the stress theory (Lazarus, 1999; Skinner and Brewer, 2004).Simply put, stress is defined as the imbalance between the demands placed upon an individualand their ability to cope with those demands. When individuals encounter stressful situations,they may form either a challenge, threat, or benign appraisal. Achallenge appraisalis definedas viewing the stressful situation as an opportunity for personal-gain, mastery anddevelopment. Individuals forminga threat appraisalwould view a stressful situation aspotentially harmful to one’s sense of self-worth. Abenign appraisalinfers that the situation isnot perceived to be stressful by the individual. The current experiment examined the effects ofstress appraisals on the performance of a cognitive based task among UG students.2.What were the main hypotheses?Participants in an induced challenge state (i.e., perceived the task, as an opportunity for gain)were expected to have higher levels of success on the cognitive-based task than those in athreat state (i.e., perceived engagement in the task has potential for loss), and benign appraisalcondition (i.e., experimental control group). Furthermore, participants in the threat-statecondition were expected to have significantly worse performance on the task theirexperimental control counterparts.3.What type of research design was used?A between-groups (or independent samples) quasi-experimental design was employed.4.Can you identify the IV? Was this a between- or within-group factor?Stressful appraisals = between-group factor.