NSG3PHN Assessment - Rural Nursing

Added on - 12 Nov 2019

  • NSG3PHN

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  • 10

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Running head: RURAL NURSE 1Rural NurseStudent’s NameUniversity Affiliation
RURAL NURSE2Rural Nurse1. Select a specific primary health care (PHC) nurse role of interest to you (e.g. prison nurse,home based nursing, school nurse, women’s health nurse, men’s health nurse, sexual healthnurse, substance use nurse, chronic illness nursing, rural health nursing, OH&S nursing, refugeenurse). Please ensure that the role selected is different from that you will experience on clinicalplacement. Describe the key attributes of this role and explain why it is considered a PHCnursing role.The specific PHC nurse role that has been chosen for this assignment is rural nurse.The key attributes of rural nurses are based on their abilities to determine communities’health needs. Rural nurses should have a good understanding of survival rates, morbidity and thecreation of appropriate nursing care for persons and communities with diverse needs andresources. Another attribute is ability to identify particular needs and understand the constraintsof limited resources to design care within local social norms. Besides, rural nurses might requireresilience to offer care in remote and sparsely populated rural areas. Rural health nurses inVictoria noted that they assess, diagnose and treat minor patient illness manifestations. Thesenurses might provide the services independently or in collaboration with other medicalprofessionals[ CITATION Can11 \l 1033 ].Rural health nursing is considered as a PHC nursing role because the nurses play afundamental role in enhancing health in the communities. Over the years, the rural health nursingrole has shifted focus towards population health and community-based care services as well asmulti-disciplinary decision making. The rural nurses mostly make decisions in partnership withthe communities they serve. In most cases, rural nurses deliver care to individuals requiring a
RURAL NURSE3wide range of health care interventions. The common interventions are primary health care andeven emergency care. In most rural settings, rural nurses deliver health services with the supportof on-call or part-time medical professionals. In addition, rural health nursing is considered asPHC nursing role because the nurses focus on delivering preventive health services[ CITATIONFoo15 \l 1033 ].2. Describe the general characteristics and relevant demographic information of the clientele thistype of nurse is likely to provide health services for. If the clientele are a general populationgroup, identify a geographical location such as a local government area (LGA) and discuss thisin terms of the LGA data available.The clientele for this nursing role is the general public. Thus, the selected localgovernment area (LGA) is the city of greater dandenong. In this LGA, there is high diseaseburden mainly infectious diseases and mental health. The most common illnesses are depression,anxiety obstetric complications, and tuberculosis. Regardless of the high disease burden, only6% of the population present at emergency department while 7% is admitted in hospitals[ CITATION Che11 \l 1033 ].The clientele consists of more men than women with a ratio of 4:3.The community has low level of English proficiency and secondary education achievement.There is higher unemployment and lower incomes than the rest of the population.Based on the recent statistics, there is a high level of unemployment, low income and lowhealth literacy among the selected clientele. About 59% of the population speaks a languageother than English. It has been found that 14% of the people have inadequate English fluency.The median income per week is $34.3. The unemployment rate in the city of Greater Dandenongis 9.4%, which is higher compared to the city of Casey and metropolitan Melbourne. In
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