Safeguarding In healt and social care Assignment

Added on - 03 Dec 2019

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SAFEGAURDING IN HSC1
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION................................................................................................................................3TASK 1.................................................................................................................................................31.1 Reasons for vulnerability of individuals to abuse and/or harm to self and others.....................31.2 Individual risk factors that may lead to incidence of abuse and/or harm to self and others......31.3 Impact of social and cultural factors on different types of abuse..............................................5TASK 2.................................................................................................................................................62.1 Strengths and weaknesses of current local legislations and policies related to those vulnerableto abuse............................................................................................................................................6TASK 3.................................................................................................................................................73.1 Existing working practices and strategies to minimise abuse in health and social care context..........................................................................................................................................................73.2 Effectiveness of working practices and strategies.....................................................................93.3 possible improvements in working practices and strategies......................................................9CONCLUSION..................................................................................................................................10REFERENCES...................................................................................................................................112
INTRODUCTIONAccording to Ash (2014), the term, safeguarding is used in Republic of Ireland and UnitedKingdom to denote the measures of protecting human rights,well-being and health of respectivehumans. It further involve the young individuals and vulnerable grownups and children who aresupposed to stay free from neglect, ill health and mistreatment.In the provided report, we have discussed the various elements that results into moral abuseof children, adolescents and various social groups and their negative impacts. Thereafter, variousmethod of improvement and protection, and various legislation and policies in this regard have alsobeen focused in this report.TASK 11.1 Reasons for vulnerability of individuals to abuse and/or harm to self and othersThere are many places where a child, youngster or any individuals can be exposed to abuse.It cannot be said that abuse is restricted to particular location it can be at any place in contrastingenvironments like nursing homes, supported lodgings like shelter homes for orphans or old-agehomes, hospitals and domestic residence.(Mandelstam, 2013). The probable reasons for thevulnerability of individuals can be:Because of the issues related to the concerns, institutional systems, stigma and identificationregarding accusation of abuses are not reported on time. Only a small percentage of thecases of adolescent abuses is detected currently.A sizeable percentage of people who are victim of abuseconstitutes of the young individualswith health requirements,involving individuals with learning inability, physical inability,people with drug or alcohol abuse and mental illness(Ringer, 2006).A review of one systematic study reveals that, out of the twenty-five percent of vulnerableolder people are endangered of abuse, however only a small percentageof people have beennoticed till now.A crosswise study of family carers in UK, the individuals with dementia determined nearlythe fractional level of most significant reported abuse.The abuses taking place should be detected on time so that; government can take proper andpreventing measures for reducing and eradicating the same.1.2 Individual risk factors that may lead to incidence of abuse and/or harm to self and othersWilliam, Nader and Hickey (2011) inferred that, there are various elements that may resultinto factors leading to abuse and damage to respective individual and others. Few of them areexplained as follows:3
For youngster:Parents' lack of understanding of parenting, youngster’s needs and child developmentskills:When the child is not given due care and attention, he may be exposed to abuse.Children are mistreated, if their father or mother do not understand their feelings and needs.Parents' history of youngster mistreatment in family of origin:If the parents of ayoungster have been a victim of abuse or ill treatment in their childhood, they may treat theirchildren in the same way in which they were being treated by their parents.This results inabuse of the child (Collins, 2009).Drug or alcohol abuse or/and mental sickness issues involving depression or stress infamily:If the parents or family members of a child are suffering from some continuoushealth issues, they feel depressed. They face responsibilities at a very early stage.Parental characteristics such as single parenthood, low income, low education, largenumber of dependent children and young age:Another reason for abuse may be the largenumber of dependent or the responsibilities of parents at young age. These factors may alsolead to the abuse of children.Transient, non-biological care providers in home:It is considered that,a child could begiven best care by his parents only. So, when they are been taken care by any transient ornon-biological person, they feel abused.Parental emotions and thoughts that tend to justify or support maltreatmentbehaviour:Sometimes, the mentality of parents is so narrow that they do not support theirchildren against any abuse and support the maltreatment behaviour with the children(Bickerton, 2011).For elderly people:Current abuse of alcohol:The most common factor of abuse is over consumption ofalcohol. Some people after getting drunk, abuse their partner, family or other individuals.Inadequate coping skills:This Factor is most prevalent among males. Abuses arise whenthere isdeficiency of bearingskills in the individuals, whichgives emergence to conflictsamong them.Current identification of mental sickness:The individuals with unsound mind or mentalillness are the major sufferersas well as they are ones who causes abuses because they arenot able to judge whether they are being harmed by others, or if they are harming others(Davies, 2007).Exposure to abuse as a child:If a person was abused in his childhood, he may abuse hischildren too and this may become his general behaviour.4
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