Safety & Risk Management System
Added on - 03 Mar 2020
Running head: SAFETY AND RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS1Train Accident in the UKName of StudentName of Institution
SAFETY AND RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS2Train Accident in the UKHazards and risks are part and parcel of everyday living both at the workplace and in theprivate space. Hazards can be defined as conditions that have the potential to cause illness, injuryand deaths. It can also end up with damage of goods and equipment and disrupt operations. Riskcan broadly be defined as the probability that hazard will occur and cause injury. Workplaces arereplete with hazards which are attendant with operations of production. Risk and safetymanagement can therefore refer to the sets of processes that are used in formulating andimplementing actions to mitigate hazards that are identified. The safety and risk managementare dependent on the state legislation and policies that govern the Occupational Health andSafety Plan of each country. The risk and safety policies on train accidents in the UK worksunder directives set by the EU and transposed into law in the UK.Background on Train Risk and Safety Management in UKThe European Union (EU) policy framework on occupational safety and health (2014-2020) provides the basic framework which has been legislated into law in the UK (EUR-Lex,2017). The policy defines rules and structures on occupational risks, prevention and safer workenvironment promotion. The EU further sets out specific regulations that govern the risk andsafety management of train operations amongst all member states. Regulation 2016/796 of theEuropean Agency for Railways (ERA) states that guaranteeing high levels of railway transportare part of its core mandate (Biennial Report, 2016, p.1). The agency works with Member statesand industry stakeholders in monitoring performance in safety in a multidimensional approach tosafety (Kozuch, &Sienkiewicz-Malyjurek, 2017). Data collected is shared with the NationalSafety Authorities and investigative bodies of each member state.In the UK the office of Rail and Road is tasked with giving oversight to the railwaysector. Health and safety issues are comprehensively addressed by this office (ORR, 2017).
SAFETY AND RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS3Passenger safety information such as gaps on platforms and stepping distances are provided.Statistics and data are also available on signals, rolling stock, level crossings, train protection andcrime. Under the 1974 Health and Safety at Work, investigative and enforcement authority wasconferred to this office (ORR, 2017).This aims to ensure that safety is undertaken as a multi-disciplinary approach (Crutchfield &Roughton, 2013, p. 3).Occupational health guidance andadvice to railway stakeholders is also given. Strategy and guidance on railway operations arealso set out by this office. This agency is also tasked with giving annual reports on safety andhealth performance on Britain’s Railway.Train Accident- Grimston Lane footpath crossing February 2016The information on the train accident was retrieved from a report given by the RailAccident Investigation Branch (RAIB). A pedestrian was struck and killed by a train whilecrossing the Lane footpath level crossing in Suffolk (Trimley). The accident happened onTuesday at 12:19 hours and involved a train traveling from Ipswich whose destination wasFelixstowe. According to the report, the pedestrian acknowledged hearing the train horn signalby raising his arm. The accident was caused probably by misjudging the time he needed to crossbefore the train reached him. He could also have misjudged the time that the train would take toreach him (Romanowska, Jamroz, Kustra, 2017).Another assumption that was posited is that hemay not have been able to clearly see the train before deciding to cross. He could also not beaware of the train because of the misalignment of the crossing.The victim was 82 year old Stanley Sawyer and is classified as “vulnerable users” by theNetwork Rails guidelines (RAIB, 2016, p.14). The victim had was under medication fordementia which had been diagnosed earlier. The crossing which the deceased use was skewedand did not cross the railway line at an angle of 90 degrees. This increased marginally the length