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Science vs. Medieval Thinking Article Assignment

Added on - 23 Mar 2020

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Running head: SCIENCE VS. MEDIEVAL THINKING ARTICLE ANALYSIS1Science vs. Medieval Thinking Article Analysis(Author’s name)(Institutional Affiliation)
SCIENCE VS. MEDIEVAL THINKING ARTICLE ANALYSIS2OverviewIn the article titled, “science vs. medieval thinking,” by Tom Spears, the author providesa discussion on the persistent opposition towards vaccines and GM foods. The author argues thatone of the greatest impediments to the growth and development of science is society’s preferenceof conspiracy theories and mysteries over evidence and reason. This paper provides an in depthanalysis of the article focusing on the key points presented by the author and the intended impactof the article. In providing the analysis the paper will seek to collaborate some of the authorsarguments with similar arguments presented by other reputable authors thereby enhancing thecredibility of information provided in the article.AnalysisIn the introductory section of the article, Spears argues that one of the primary reasons asto why diseases like polio and measles which are supposed to be eradicated are still present insome parts of the world is because of societies preference to believe in superstition over science.Spears arguments are collaborated in the article titled, “Why Facts Don’t Change our Minds,” byElizabeth Kolbert. In the article, the author in references a 1975 study conducted by researchersat Stanford University. The study revealed that in certain situations, people might choose tocompletely ignore the facts presented to them and instead believe in arguments that bear no logic(Kolbert, 2017).This was seen in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa region where efforts by humanitarianorganizations to combat polio in the region where being significantly undermined bysuperstitious beliefs(Superstition frustrates anti-polio efforts: Harvard survey, 2017). Apercentage of the local population believed that Polio vaccination was against the teaching of
SCIENCE VS. MEDIEVAL THINKING ARTICLE ANALYSIS3Islam and as a result of this it was improper for them to take their children to get the vaccination(Kai, 2017).These thoughts are also reflected by Mbiyimoh Ghogom in his article titled, “ExtremistIslamic Superstition Fueling a Resurgence of Polio.” In the article the author highlights the factthat in recent years there has been a resurgence of the Polio outbreak in countries likeAfghanistan, Somalia and Nigeria where extremist groups like the Taliban and Boko Haram havedenounced polio vaccination. The superstitious beliefs are not only associated with Polio but alsomeasles. In some parts of India measles is considered to be a gift from a Goddess and it isbelieves that huge developmental growth spurts would follow an individual after he/she has beeninfected(Measles: A Gift from a Goddess?, 2012). These beliefs have significantly impededvaccination programs against measles in India and other regions across Asia(Yasin, 2012).In his article Tom proceeded to indicate that despite spending billions on researchprograms, most members of the western society reject the outcome of the research on two keygrounds: genetically modified foods and public vaccination programs. The opposition tovaccines and GMO’s affect the development of technologies that can benefit the public, andnegatively impact social welfare. In the west open of the major drivers of oppositions towardsvaccines and GMO’s is the society’s preference to believe in conspiracy theories instead of factspresented to them.In the west there are a number of theories indicating that GM foods are toxic and harmfulespecially to individuals who are in cancer prevention and those with autoimmune diseases(Dixon et al., 2016). These theories though baseless have served to significantly erode publicconfidence in GM foods. The loss of confidence in GM foods has significantly hamperedresearch into food production which in return has resulted in increased food shortages across the
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