Sex, Crime and Justice | Assignment

Added on - 28 May 2020

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Running head: SEX, CRIME AND JUSTICESex, Crime and JusticeName of StudentName of UniversityAuthor Note
1SEX, CRIME AND JUSTICETable of Contents1. Identity crimes and their impact on individuals and society.......................................................22. Myopic panopticon and effect of use of CCTV on commission of crimes.................................3References........................................................................................................................................6
2SEX, CRIME AND JUSTICE1. Identity crimes and their impact on individuals and societyThe term “identity crime” is used to refer to acts of using a fabricated, manipulated orstolen identity of either a real person or a false person with the intent of facilitating unlawful,anti-social activities. The concept of identity crime encompasses three different concepts ofidentity related crimes. Firstly, “identity theft” which occurs when a person steals or assumes,without consent, a significant portion of the identity of an actual person. Secondly, “identitydeception” which occurs when a person assumes a fictitious identity, created by using features ofsome aspects of an actual person who may be dead or alive and without consent. Thirdly,“identity fraud” which is a concept which encompasses both the aforementioned categories,except it involves further making use of the fabricated or stolen identity to perpetrate crimeswhile staying under cover of the created or stolen identity(Wall2013).Identity crimes can thus be categorized into two groups. Firstly, acts of assuming anidentity which is not one’s own. Secondly, acts of using another identity to commit criminalactivities. The first category does not necessarily imply any harm to society, for a person couldseek to assume a different identity for various reasons which may not necessarily be harmfulothers. However, predominantly, identity crimes are committed with the intent to evade the lawenforcers, for they may have been committed to facilitate other crimes such as financial fraud,money laundering, trafficking, smuggling and even terrorism (Smith and Hutchings 2014).The incidence of identity crimes is reportedly one of the leading categories of crime inAustralia with financial fraud arising in consequence to identity fraud having a rate of 4%-5%per year as per the “AIC Identity Crime and Misuse” survey report in 2016.It was furtherreportedly found by theAustralian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) survey in 2015that 6.4% of thepopulation who were over the age of fifteen have allegedly been victimized by some kind ofidentity fraud in the year 2014 to 2015.Unsurprisingly, it has also been observed that 96% of the
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