This article discusses the importance of sexual health education in Egypt, its policies and programs, and the effects it has on women's health and fertility. It covers the role of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), the government's support for family planning programs, and the involvement of NGOs in providing SRH education. The article also highlights the need for reproductive health education in schools in Egypt.
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Sexual Health Education1Importance of sexual health education Women's health issues are catching attention day-by-day. Many countries are conducting the survey on women health status and nourishment. In Egypt, demographic and health survey (EDHS) was conducted in 2005, which represent the household survey of 18134 women aged 15-49 years. It also provides information about health, fertility, family planning child and maternal health and nutrition (Francis, W. 2016) Women's access to contraception has adverse effects on women health and fertility. Declining total fertility as a negative impact of contraception become an important factor in the mid-1980s. Total fertility rate remains above three live birth per women in Egypt. But short birth intervals has an adverse impact on women's health as well as infant health. Optimal birth spacing can be achieved through the use of contraceptives and family planning. Individual directly involved in unintended pregnancy affected by health problems and indirectly affects the society as well which is a major problem of public health, usage of contraceptive is a usual method most couplesare using who avoiding pregnancy. Every woman can find contraceptive method suited to their age in this ideal world with numbers of contraceptive available in the market. Consequently, women adopted some contraceptive method until she is no longer exposed to changing life circumstances and risks of unintended pregnancy lead to change a different method.International consensusSexuality and reproductive health (SRH) are among the most fundamental aspects of life. But government give the least attention to it and doesn't include it on public policy because of cultural and political sensitivities. SRH education restricts for youth, in Egypt traditional 1
Sexual Health Education2religious and family values, designed to protect young people and they do not need to know about SRH issue until they are married.Role of international conference on population and development (ICPD)International consensus affirms that adolescents need and have a right to sexual and reproductivehealth information and services. There was a conference in 1994, named international conferenceon population and development (ICPD), 179 countries' government were the member of ICPD, Egypt was one of them.Egypt agreed that the information and services should be available for youth as well to help and understand their sexuality and protect their health.Egyptian policymakers consented to these agreements with reservations, but they indicate that policies will be implementing the recommendations with the framework of Islamic laws. The ICPD Program of action and other agreements clearly states that individual countries convert the policies and programs in their ways that don't affect their laws, values, and culture. Individual rights and respond should not affect the policies and programs, who is in the midst of the processof physical, cognitive, emotional, social and moral maturation.ICPD has the number of NGOs in Egypt those are taking steps in developing youth SRH programs, but few of these have the program. Modern contraceptive leads to a reduction in unwanted pregnancy, high fertility, and maternal mortality rates. Here is an indication that replacement level of fertility in Egypt pivots further declines in martial fertility. This is resulting from a reduction in wanted fertility and expansion in family planning program coverage. In Egypt, Total fertility rate falls from 3.9 to 3.1 from 1992 to 2005 respectively. But there are another factor as well which stimulates high population in Egypt, child gender discriminatory 2
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