Significance of Embedded Liberal Compromise

Added on -2020-02-05

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Running head: ’EMBEDDED LIBERALISM1EMBEDDED LIBERALISMNameInstitution
’EMBEDDEDLIBERALISM2Introduction The term “embedded liberal compromise” was first used by John Ruggie, an Americanpolitical scientist in 1982. Mainstream researchers pronounce embedded liberalism asconstituting a compromise amidst two necessary but conflicting objectives. The revival of freetrade was the first objective. In this paper, the ‘’embedded liberalism” principles will beelaborated and describe their relevance to the contemporary worldwide economy. The postwareconomic boom (or the post-World War II economic growth), the Gold Age of Capitalism andthe long boom was an economic prosperity period which happened in the mid-20th century. Itstarted in 1945 after the end of the Second World War and continued till the early 1970s.Markets require to benefit from the social legitimacy as an essential principle because theirpolitical sustainability is based ultimately on it. The rise in economic insecurity and the domesticincome disparity has been of focus to the government. The reason for this concern of thegovernment is the political implications for future trade liberalization agenda. It is from thisprinciple that we evaluate three present sets of institutions and practices in which the ongoinglegitimacy crisis shows the necessity for a renewal of worldwide governance and therevitalization of embedded liberalism. They are transnational corporation’s activities, particularlyconcerning core standards in human and labor rights, the informal norms and formal rules ofinternational organizations and international financial architecture. This essay will discusssignificant features of the "embedded liberal compromise, Significance of embedded liberalcompromise and reasons why did golden age" of capitalism ended. 'What we're the most significant features of the "embedded liberal compromise"?
’EMBEDDEDLIBERALISM3Embedded liberalism did not allow for a golden age of capitalism when it wasimplemented. Instead, it had adverse effects that were widely felt by individuals, government andeven markets. These effects can be categorized as direct and indirect effects. Direct effectsForemost, America’s economy notably endured small measures of economic growthstarting in 1970. On the other hand, the American labor force has rapidly grown to put a hugedownward pressure on wages paid out to the working population. The most directly linked causeof the slow economic growth is owed to the increase in anemic productivity. Other contributingfactors include the ever growing foreign competition, demographic changes coupled up withpolicies and local economic exercises. Recently, there have been economic improvements thathave come as a result of huge workforce layoffs and people migrating out of the country(Ruggie, 1997).Again, it led to economic insecurity. According to a study by (Gonoi & Ataka, 2010), thewages for almost all working categories located in America have been stagnating since the late1970s. According to statistics collected by the department of labor since the 1970s, the one-yearperiod that ended in September of 1995 the wages grew at the lowest rates ever recorded inhistory. The study also unearthed facts that income difference has also increased significantlysince this period in the United States and for the past few decades, it has been getting worse.With these facts, no one and nowhere in this globe could achieve a golden age.Also, embedded liberalism led to the United States outsourcing production of theirproducts to countries with a lower wage allocation despite having higher rates. This outsourcing
’EMBEDDEDLIBERALISM4was done in a bid to save on production costs, but in the end led to people losing jobs and theGolden age couldn’t be achieved through this condition. Additionally, it resulted in a relative shift in power within the labor markets and poorworking conditions. This change is owed to Globalization. Globalization renders the work of atremendous group of employees easier to sustain across nations. This sustenance constitutes thebargaining power of immobile labor known as Capital erodes. It is with the capital erodes wherework is forced to live with an even bigger instability and where earnings are based on the hoursworked by an employee. Lower wages is the result of readily available labor that is offered. Poorworking conditions that were created would not allow for a golden age where economic growthwould be favored. Last but not the least, Bhagwati proposed a hypothesis based on Globalization. He arguesout that globalization narrowed resulting in the countries being at an advantage. Industriesbecome weak financially leading to a labor overflow and unemployment as well. This scenarioimplies poorer earnings for the job and unemployment as well. Without adequate energy, noindustry of the economy could grow positively or get into a golden age (Dehejia, 1994).Indirect effects The policy affects various outcomes. During the embedded liberal compromise, systemswere made and put into action and resulted in slower economic growths. A comparison made byRichard Harris between wage growth and globalization indicated that the increase of salaries wasdelayed less in Canada compared to the United States due to policies put in place in the UnitedStates. He concluded that policy accounted for the largest part of the significant difference thatwas found to exist (Ruggie, 2003).

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