Assignment on Social Planning

Added on - 21 Apr 2020

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Running head: SOCIAL PLANNINGSOCIAL PLANNINGName of the Student:Name of the University:Author Note:
SOCIAL PLANNING1Humans have always formed societies that have helped them to stay as a group andsurviving as a group is always more logical. Without a proper society no civilization has everthrived or can hope to survive if a basic structure is not present. To maintain this structure, it isof paramount importance to plan for the society: how will it function or a set of guidelinesdefining how should it be functioning (Carmon & Fainstein, 2013). In order to make sure thatthis structure is maintained and operates accordingly, social planning is the tool that has beenused throughout the ages, even if the term was not coined until very recently. Human structureshave always needed basic formations and planning that have helped the humans to stay and liveas a society. Social planning is necessary for humans, both as individuals and as part of thesociety (Ridley-Duff & Bull, 2015). Social planning aims to improve the overall situations whichmake living and life easier for the members of the group. Social planning encompasses everyaspect and unit of every human structure and groups. The prime objective of social planning is toaddress and come up with possible solutions for every critical issue and problems that are beingfaced by the society (Nikonova, 2014). Social planning can be done using two basic methods:top down or bottom up. The first approach decides on and tries to mitigate issues as theauthorities decide, the issues they think to be important or what they consider to be trivial. Thesecond approach to social planning addresses social problems from the perspective of themasses, what the general people of the society deem as important (Fainstein, 2017).Very simply put, social planning refers to the process where humans, as a singlecommunity acting as a single entity, identify its own strengths and weaknesses and thendetermine ways which would help to solve the issues and improve the overall quality of life ofthe entire society. As an umbrella term, social planning may include planning for any socialservice program and policies as well as implementation of those policies (Weil, Reisch &
SOCIAL PLANNING2Ohmer, 2013). Essentially, social planning is done by members of the society for other membersof the society. This means, from a very ideological sense, social planning aims to resolve anyissues that directly and negatively impacts the members of the society. Social planning looks intoany problem and issue that may exists within the societal structure and innumerable perspectivesare gained on every matter as every individual has unique ways of looking into every situationand issue. Social planning has been defined as a system that is both local and democratic innature that is used to setting priorities for the society and then agreeing on possible solutions tothat problem followed by taking actions to mitigate those issues (Nikonova, 2014). Socialplanning supports the needs of the community and social, cultural, economic and environmentalinterests.Social planning demands a lot of activities to be done and a number of tasks to beexecuted. In a generic sense, social planning describes the planning of social services that areaimed towards improving the quality of life in a community. If such planning is done at acommunity level, social planning is often referred to as “neighbourhood planning” (Paris, 2013).A social planning body or organisation can also serve as the leader of a community and has theauthority and capability to bring together bands of people focused to resolve key social issues.Social planning also often includes providing recommendations and advices to civic bodies thatfacilitate in making public policy. This can be done because social planning mostly looks intosocial issues and aims to come up with their viable solutions and other activities that wouldenhance the overall quality of the community as a whole. Social planning is identified as one ofthe three primary and most important models of community organisations including social actionand community development (Weil, Reisch & Ohmer, 2013). Most social plannings are done byindividuals as part of an agency while designing a program that seeks to address social needs and
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